Clear Energy, Inc Defines Sully Direct Current (SDC)™

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Wherever you need multi-directional currents with a constant DC polarity, SDC may be applied to advantage.

There is a lot of debate among the critics as to what to call it.

To break the confusion about the Sully Direct Current (SDC)™, Clear Energy, Inc, ( offers a detailed explanation of how the technology works.

Direct current (DC) by definition flows in one direction. SDC changes current direction in at least two different directions per ½ cycle and at least three different directions (3D) in a full cycle, all within a single cell without a polarity reversal. Alternating current (AC) has a current reversal due to a polarity change that reverses the anode and cathode. SDC changes current direction within the electrodes by cyclical a change in current path origin and destination without reversing electrode polarity while maintaining a DC current between electrodes.

AC reverses anode and cathode polarity to reverse current direction. SDC does not need to reverse polarity to change current direction. It uses an up and down seesaw motion through cyclical switching at both ends of the electrodes to produce multi-dimensional inter-electrode DC currents. Some have suggested that SDC is AC superimposed on DC. Polarity reversal is found in AC, but SDC does not have a reversal -- just a change in direction.

“You only need a cyclical change of origin and destination to get AC EM effects,” says John T. Sullivan, Clear Energy, Inc President. “There is a lot of debate among the critics as to what to call it.”

You need at least two electrodes with four switches on each end of the electrodes. A DC or a rectified AC power supply is used to allow changing both origin and destination through a fluid medium such as semiconductor, gas, electrolyte or other current carrying medium. The currents within electrodes change their directions, and a zero average value can be found at the center of the electrode. At the same time the voltage between electrodes is a constant DC value (ignoring switching transients). Thus, “multidirectional DC” refers to the multidirectional intra-electrode currents that are changing direction (not reversing directions) within the electrodes with a DC current that moves between the anode and cathode electrodes at the same time within the same cell. Both AC and DC flowing through the same component at the same time is SDC.

Direct current will flow in a straight line in a single solid conductor. SDC only works in a fluid environment that allows it to move in different directions chasing after controlled switching potentials that are constantly moving their potential paths without swapping their supply polarity. Think of currents leaving the train station cathode and being diverting by switching back and forth over a different set of tracks before arriving at the final destination to the anode. DC in a solid conductor will not achieve the same results. It can only move forward not in other directions; SDC needs to be a fluid such as a gas, gel, and semiconductor or liquid to move freely in other directions. A solid conductor wire with DC has only one direction or dimension it can travel unless you reverse polarity to reverse direction; SDC has multi-directions and dimensions to travel before it reaches its final destination within the cell without a polarity reversal. SDC has extra dynamic multi-dimensional physical proprieties that are created by the extra current seesaw motions that are exclusive to SDC currents.

If you connect resistors between the anode to cathode of a DC circuit in an H or X bridge circuit you cannot create SDC. It is impossible for both AC and DC currents to flow through the same resistor at the same time traveling in a one dimensional current path. SDC requires a multi-dimensional fluid to move freely for its capabilities to be employed.

“I’m not sure what new products will use SDC,” Sullivan says. “I discovered it experimenting with water electrolysis. Will SDC replace the AC current in your house and DC in your car? Not likely, it will be used on very specialized technologies where AC and DC don’t work as well or at all. Could technologies that were thought to be impossible now be possible? Time will tell.”

Wherever you need multi-directional currents with a constant DC polarity, SDC may be applied to advantage. Some of the new applications could be ion engine thrusters, fluid computers, capacitor driven devices, electrolysis, and plasma devices that can’t have their polarity reversed but could benefit from new dynamic controlled forces with multi-dimensional currents and changing magnetic fields. Gas production, motors, generators, and chemical processing are also candidates.

“I am an optimist,” Sullivan says. “I believe that if enough creative open minded people put their heads together there will be new and exciting discoveries using this novel technology. I hope this clears up any misconceptions what SDC is, and is not.”


John T. Sullivan, President

Clear Energy, Inc

1100 Wilso Drive

Baltimore, Maryland 21223 USA

Sully Direct Current (SDC) is a registered Trade Mark of Clear Energy, Inc US Patent 7,041,203, 6,890,410 All Rights reserved.

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