Scientific Legitimacy of Psychiatry's "Billing Bible" Increasingly Under Fire

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New study published in the Archives of General Psychiatry exposes the lack of medical legitimacy behind psychiatric diagnoses.

A new study published in the Archives of General Psychiatry exposes the lack of medical legitimacy behind psychiatric diagnoses. Using the diagnostic criteria of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) psychiatry's billing bible, researchers Michael B. First (DSM editor), Jerome Wakefield, Allan Horwitz and Mark Schmitz found that people experiencing normal sadness, divorce, rejection and economic misfortune are erroneously being classified with a mental disorder. Horwitz stated, "People are starting to think that any sort of negative emotion is unnatural." He further remarked that psychiatry has come to think of itself as "the arbiter [judge] of normality."

This study is only the latest in a series of events that have exposed the DSM's lack of credibility and undermined public confidence in the psychiatric profession. Psychiatrist Robert Spitzer who oversaw two out of five revisions of the DSM and defined more than a hundred mental disorders, recently admitted to the BBC, "What happened, is that we made estimates of the prevalence of mental disorders totally descriptively, without considering that many of these conditions might be normal reactions which are not really disorders. That's the problem, because we were not looking at the context in which those conditions developed."

The Citizens Commission on Human Rights (CCHR), a psychiatric watchdog, says that the study only partially reveals the fraud of psychiatric diagnoses being used to justify the mass drugging of millions. Helyn Dunn, Executive Director of CCHR Florida stated, "There are no physical tests- such as blood or urine tests, brain scans or X-rays- which can be used to medically/scientifically prove who is mentally ill and who isn't. Psychiatrists have redefined behaviors as illness or disease. Mathematical problems, jet lag and drinking too much coffee are listed in the DSM as "disorders allowing the pharmaceutical industry to invent and sell a drug to treat the so called disease."

A 2006 study in the journal Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics found a majority (56%) of the panel members responsible for revisions to the DSM had one or more financial ties to drug companies. The study also found that 100% of the panel members on "Mood Disorders" and "Schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders" had financial ties to pharmaceutical companies. The lead author of this study, Lisa Cosgrove of the University of Massachusetts Boston stated, "No blood tests exist for the disorders in the DSM. It relies on judgments from practitioners who rely on the manual."

UCLA psychiatry professor, Dr. Irwin Savodnik, stated "The very vocabulary of psychiatry is now defined at all levels by the pharmaceutical industry."

CCHR has issued a report, Psychiatric Diagnostic Manual Link to Drug Manufacturers, about the DSM, which is available for download.

The Citizens Commission on Human Rights was co-founded in 1969 by the Church of Scientology and Dr. Thomas Szasz, Professor of Psychiatry Emeritus at the State university of New York Upstate Medical University in Syracuse, to investigate and expose psychiatric violations of human rights.


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