Anthrax spore decontamination using methyl bromide.
Los Angeles, CA (PRWEB) September 14, 2007
In 1987, The Montreal Protocol called for the phase out of certain chlorofluorocarbons, or CFCs, that were found to have a direct effect on the depletion of the ozone layer. According to biochemist Michael Shaw the continued use of methyl bromide at levels of 30 perecent of baseline is safe.
Improving current methyl bromide policy is urgent, and cannot wait years more until the full ozone depletion story becomes known. We now present some policy recommendations and strategies that will secure the supply of methyl bromide, while addressing the sources that actually cause the most harm to the ozone layer:
1. The United States must lobby the international community that it is in their best interest to stop the removal of methyl bromide.
2. The international community must reassess the Montreal Protocol and implement policies that will effectively curtail the harmful effects of naturally produced CFCs on the ozone layer.
3. The UN should promote the use of clean energy and alternative fuels.
The current policy implemented by the Montreal Protocol, to ban and phase out methyl bromide, is deeply flawed. Methyl bromide has far less of an effect on ozone depletion than originally thought. Soil, oceanic uptake, and the lower atmosphere break down the chemical and reduce its estimated atmospheric life.
Sources: US Environmental Protection Agency, "Anthrax spore decontamination using methyl bromide." US EPA Web Site. July 2007. Accessed 29 August 2007. http://www.epa.gov/pesticides/factsheets/chemicals/methylbromide_factsheet.htm.
Margaret A Juergensmeyer, Bruce A Gingras, Rudolf H Scheffrahn, Mark J Weinberg. (2007). Methyl Bromide Fumigant Lethal to Bacillus anthracis Spores. Journal of Environmental Health, 69(6), 24-26. Retrieved July 24, 2007, from Health & Medical Complete database. (Document ID: 1201923441).