Smoking Down Over Five-Year Period

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Despite overall decline in smoking, light smokers are on the rise according to CDC’s Vital Signs Report.

You don’t have to be a heavy smoker or a long-time smoker to get a smoking-related disease or have a heart attack or asthma attack.

The percentage of American adults who smoke decreased from 20.9% in 2005 to 19.3% in 2010, according to a new Vital Signs report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Of those adults who smoke, 78.2 percent (35.4 million) smoke every day.

Tobacco use remains the leading preventable cause of death and disease in the United States. Tobacco use and exposure to secondhand tobacco smoke kill an estimated 443,000 Americans each year. For every one smoking-related death, another 20 people live with a smoking-related disease.

The report, which covers data from 2005 to 2010, also says daily smokers are smoking fewer cigarettes each day. The percent of U.S. adult daily smokers who smoke nine or fewer cigarettes per day rose to 21.8 percent in 2010, up from 16.4 percent in 2005. During the same period, the percent who smoked 30 or more cigarettes a day fell from 12.7 percent to 8.3 percent.

“Any decline in the number of people who smoke and the number of cigarettes consumed is a step in the right direction. However, tobacco use remains a significant health burden for the people of United States,” said CDC Director Tom Frieden, M.D., M.P.H. “States with the strongest tobacco control programs have the greatest success at reducing smoking.”

“You don’t have to be a heavy smoker or a long-time smoker to get a smoking-related disease or have a heart attack or asthma attack,” said Dr. Frieden. “The sooner you quit smoking, the sooner your body can begin to heal.”

Although data from CDC’s National Health Interview Survey show fewer American adults are smoking, the rate of the decline between 2005 and 2010 is slower than in the previous five-year period.

“This slowing trend shows the need for intensified efforts to reduce cigarette smoking among adults,” said Tim McAfee, M.D., M.P.H., director of the CDC Office on Smoking and Health. “We know what works: higher tobacco prices, hard-hitting media campaigns, graphic health warnings on cigarette packs, and 100 percent smoke-free policies, with easily accessible help for those who want to quit. These approaches are proven to decrease smoking and reduce the health burden and economic impact of tobacco-related diseases in the United States.”

In addition to the loss of human life, smoking costs about $193 billion annually in direct health care expenses and lost productivity. Tobacco control programs that have been proven to reduce smoking also have been proven to reduce the health care costs directly related to tobacco use.

Tobacco users can

  • Quit. The sooner you quit, the sooner your body can begin to heal, and the less likely you are to get sick from tobacco use.
  • Ask a health care provider for help quitting and call 1-800-QUIT-NOW for free assistance.
  • Find a step-by-step quit guide at http://www.smokefree.gov.

Parents and nonsmokers can

  • Make your home and vehicles smoke-free.
  • Not start, if you aren’t already using tobacco.
  • Quit if you smoke; children of parents who smoke are twice as likely to become smokers.
  • Teach children about the health risks of smoking and secondhand smoke.
  • Encourage friends, family, co-workers to quit.

Smokers can get free resources and help quitting by calling 1-800-QUIT-NOW (784-8669) or visiting http://www.smokefree.gov.

Vital Signs is a CDC report that appears on the first Tuesday of the month as part of the CDC journal Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, or MMWR. The report provides the latest data and information on key health indicators. These are cancer prevention, obesity, tobacco use, motor vehicle passenger safety, prescription drug overdose, HIV/AIDS, alcohol use, health care-associated infections, cardiovascular health, teen pregnancy, asthma, and food safety.

CDC works 24/7 saving lives, protecting people from health threats, and saving money to have a more secure nation. Whether these threats are chronic or acute, manmade or natural, human error or deliberate attack, global or domestic, CDC is the U.S. health protection agency.

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