USGC Projects a Strong China Crop: Good News for Drought-Impacted Global Markets

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The U.S. Grains Council shares insights and the impact of the recently completed 2012 China Corn Harvest Tour. China has become the world’s second leading corn producer and its emergence as a major corn importer has emphasized its role as a key factor in global corn pricing, supply and demand.

The U.S. Grains Council 2012 China Corn Harvest Tour projects another good Chinese corn crop, driven both by higher yields and an increase in planted acreage. Persistent reports of weather and pest problems in some areas this summer, plus recent typhoon impacts in northeastern China, had raised concern about potentially significant yield reductions. The Council's survey, however, suggests that the impact of these events is relatively small. While the final harvest will fall short of best-case expectations, it will be another record year for China corn.

"The U.S. drought and short 2012 crop is pressuring buyers in all sectors," said USGC President and CEO Tom Sleight. "But corn trades in a global system, and the safety net is the capacity of other producers to step up.

"The United States is by far the world's largest corn producer and exporter, but in a tough year for U.S. corn, it is a relief that the world's number two producer is having a good year. That will help limit demand destruction and preserve markets for U.S. corn as we rebound next year."

China is the world's second largest corn producer and until 2010 was an export competitor of the United States in Asian markets. In 2010, however, China became a structural corn importer, and last year purchased nearly 5.2 million metric tons (205 million bushels) of corn from the United States, making it the third largest U.S. export market.

"Continued growth in China's economy and individual income growth will continue to drive increases in meat consumption and animal feed demand," said Bryan Lohmar, the USGC director in China. "But a good harvest this year, plus the forward purchases they have already done for the 2012/13 marketing year, gives China some breathing room in a very tight global market. China will likely be strategic in its purchases this year, entering the market to build reserves if and when prices dip."

The USGC Harvest Tour is comprised of teams of industry experts who visited China's seven top corn production provinces in the North China Plain and Northeast China. These account for over 70 percent of China's corn production. In addition to crop conditions, the Council's teams observed increased corn acreage, which has increased in China at the expense of cotton and soybean acreage. While some insect and weather damage was apparent, the overall crop looks good, and is expected to again set a Chinese production record.

The 2012 Tour was conducted from September 10-28, 2012, and included representatives from major grain traders, the Chinese feed industry, U.S. and Chinese market analysts, U.S. corn producers, the U.S. embassy, and USGC staff.

Click here for photos.

If you would like raw video footage from the tour, contact Marri Carrow at mcarrow(at)grains.org.

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The U.S. Grains Council is a private, non-profit partnership of farmers and agribusinesses committed to building and expanding international markets for U.S. barley, corn, grain sorghum and their products. The Council is headquartered in Washington, D.C., and has nine international offices that oversee programs in more than 50 countries. Financial support from our private industry members, including state checkoffs, agribusinesses, state entities and others, triggers federal matching funds from the USDA resulting in a combined program value of more than $28.3 million.

The U.S. Grains Council does not discriminate on the basis of race, color, national origin, sex, religion, age, disability, political beliefs, sexual orientation or marital/family status. Persons with disabilities, who require alternative means for communication of program information, should contact the U.S. Grains Council

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Marri Carrow
U.S. Grains Council
202-789-0789
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