Pneumonia Symptoms in Adults Explained Directly to Patients

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"Symptoms and Diagnosis" project releases a video on pneumonia symptoms in adults in which Nabin Sapkota, MD, a board certified internist in Nebraska, talks directly to his patients. He uses a whiteboard to explain complex medical concepts in a very simple way that can be understood easily by people without any medical background.

Symptoms and diagnosis

Nebrasks doctor: Author of Symptoms and Diagnosis

Nabin Sapkota, MD, author of "Symptoms and Diagnosis" project makes it very clear in his instructional video that he is not talking to his fellow healthcare providers and is talking directly to his patients. He explains how pneumonia symptoms in adult develop at the organ level. He uses a simple instructional drawing to explain what happens inside the lungs when we breathe. He then explains what pneumonia is and uses plain English to describe the basic mechanisms involved in the development of the symptoms. He also makes it clear that the symptoms of pneumonia depend on the specific situation of the individual patient.

Dr. Sapkota says, "Normally, instructional videos designed for patients are over-simplified with broad generalizations that are not very useful for patients looking for more information on the topic. Most reputed medical websites simply provide a list of symptoms of pneumonia that does not help anyone understand what the symptoms may signify in any individual patient. In this video, I am teaching my patients about the mechanism of the organs inside our body that are involved in patients with pneumonia. When you understand how these symptoms develop, you will be able to analyze the possible origin of the specific symptom."

The doctor adds, "Some people still believe that they can not understand the mechanisms of diseases if they do not have any medical background. That is simply not true. People without medical background can understand complex medical problems if you tell them in a language they understand. You do not have to over-simplify and over-generalize the underlying concept just because you are avoiding technical terms. I will demonstrate that all medical concepts can be explained in details without using medical jargon."

Dr. Sapkota further explains, "Pneumonia is simply an infection of the lungs. When bugs get into the lungs, they settle down deep inside the lungs. They cause irritation of the nerves in the small air tubes present inside the lungs. They cause inflammation or swelling of the lungs and produce pus like gunky liquid that can fill up the delicate small air bubbles where gas exchange take place. The irritation can cause cough and pain with breathing. The swelling can cause difficulty breathing. The fluid in the bubbles can prevent the blood vessels from being able to pick up oxygen from the bubble.This can cause low levels of oxygen in the blood. These bugs can also produce toxins that can travel into the blood and cause fevers, chills, weakness and sometimes confusion."

Dr. Sapkota continues, "Those symptoms I just mentioned do not happen in all patients. The exact symptom in a patient depends on the unique situation. If someone has a very healthy and elastic lungs, their nerves are very sensitive. The only symptoms they may have could be cough and pain in the chest with cough. If someone has damaged and scarred lungs, the nerves may not be that sensitive and they may not have much cough to start with. They probably have the pneumonia spread to a larger area of the lungs even before they start to have any symptom. Their symptoms may be more from swelling of lungs than from irritation. They may only have symptoms of shortness of breath. This way, the unique situation of an individual patient dictates what unique set of symptoms that patient will have."

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