Warrendale, PA and New York, NY (PRWEB) November 19, 2013
As the Materials Research Society (MRS) celebrates its 40th anniversary, an article in the November issue of the prestigious MRS Bulletin, produced in partnership with Cambridge University Press, highlights some of the most groundbreaking developments in materials science and engineering – developments that would have been unthinkable just four decades ago – that are transforming our lives.
As part of the MRS 40th anniversary focus in the November MRS Bulletin, noted science writer Philip Ball has penned this article, with guidance from feature editor Gordon Pike and after interviewing a number of materials researchers, showcasing representative successes in 40 years of materials research. And, while it would be nearly impossible to distill materials developments over the past four decades into one article given the breadth of the field, Ball deftly focuses on six select major areas of materials science and engineering as representative examples of how materials research has had a fundamental positive impact on society and human lives: oxides in electronics, organic electronics, carbon nanostructures, multiscale materials modeling, materials in tissue engineering, and nuclear waste management.
Demonstrating the pivotal importance of information and communication technology across the scientific sector, huge strides have been made in electronic materials. Forty years ago, no one imagined using polymers and other organics in electronic applications, Ball reports – but today organics are offering some of the most exciting developments in the sector, from organic light-emitting devices that last for up to 100,000 hours to skullcaps with polymer sensors that detect concussive impacts to the head of an athlete.
Advances in computation have made it possible to model materials with greater detail and precision than ever before, Ball writes. The development of computer methods for modeling materials systems at the atomic scale as well as advances in hardware, for example, have now reached the level where some of these methods can handle millions of atoms in computations. Multiscale materials modeling should help to confer an element of predictability on what was previously a matter of discovery by trial and error. This is true, for example, in the area of metal alloy engineering, which has already so benefited from the insights offered by simulation that it is becoming possible to talk about “first principles metallurgy.”
Another development, Ball says, that will probably have the most profound impact on our daily lives is biomaterials including the development of new fabrics for medicine and bioengineering. Tissue engineering – the growth of new living tissue, and the blending of the natural and synthetic – is perhaps the most remarkable example of the fusion of materials and biology.
The sixth topic highlighted - materials for nuclear waste management - is one of the few topics that has remained on the agenda of the Material Research Society’s annual meetings for the past 40 years. The fact that the materials issues – not to mention the social and political issues – have still not been solved is an indication of the difficulty of the challenges faced, Ball writes.
“These topics were chosen not just because of their intrinsic importance and, on the whole, their novelty, but because of their potential social impact,” writes Ball. “They all illustrate how the science is driven by societal demands and needs, and also how complex a matter it is to effect a transition from promising basic science to useful applications.”
What emerges most strikingly from Ball’s article is the degree to which these advances depend on dialogue between different research communities.
“Interdisciplinarity has always been a strength of materials science,” he writes. “Which in this sense at least was thus a harbinger of things to come.”
Ball’s article – Four Decades of Materials Developments Transform Society – can be found in the November issue of MRS Bulletin. Each month, MRS Bulletin provides a comprehensive overview of a specific materials theme, along with industry and policy developments, and MRS and materials-community news and events. Written by leading experts, the overview articles are useful references for specialists, but are also presented at a level understandable to a broad scientific audience.
MRS Bulletin is free in both print and online formats for all current MRS members. Read the article in the November issue of MRS Bulletin here: journals.cambridge.org/mrs40.
Notes to Editors
About the Materials Research Society
The Materials Research Society (MRS) is an international organization of over 16,600 materials researchers from academia, industry and government, and a recognized leader in promoting the advancement of interdisciplinary materials research to improve the quality of life. MRS members are engaged and enthusiastic professionals hailing from physics, chemistry, biology, mathematics and engineering-the full spectrum of materials research.
Headquartered in Warrendale, Pennsylvania (USA), MRS membership now spans over 80 countries, with more than 45% of members residing outside the United States. In addition to its communications and publications portfolio, MRS organizes high-quality scientific meetings, attracting over 13,000 attendees annually and facilitating interactions among a wide range of experts from the cutting edge of the global materials community. MRS is also a recognized leader in education outreach and advocacy for scientific research.
For further information, go to: http://www.mrs.org.
About Cambridge Journals
Cambridge University Press publishes more than 300 peer-reviewed academic journals across a wide spread of subject areas, in print and online. Many of these journals are the leading academic publications in their fields and together they form one of the most valuable and comprehensive bodies of research available today.
For more information, go to: journals.cambridge.org.
About Cambridge University Press
Cambridge University Press is the publishing business of the University of Cambridge. Dedicated to excellence, its purpose is to further the University's objective of advancing knowledge, education, learning, and research. Its extensive peer-reviewed publishing lists comprise 45,000 titles covering academic research, professional development, over 300 research journals, school-level education, English language teaching and bible publishing. Playing a leading role in today's international market place, Cambridge University Press has more than 50 offices around the globe, and it distributes its products to nearly every country in the world.
For more information, go to http://www.cambridge.org.