19th Century American West on View with Bodmer Exhibit at Buffalo Bill Historical Center

Share Article

Had it not been for Karl Bodmer’s 1830s drawings of the people and places of the American West, that way of life might have remained shadowy at best. Now, visitors can share Bodmer’s journey with the new exhibit "Karl Bodmer Prints: Images of North America," on view at the Buffalo Bill Historical Center (soon to be Buffalo Bill Center of the West) in Cody, Wyoming.

Karl Bodmer

Karl Bodmer: Mandan Indian subject, Mato-Tope

By the end of the journey, Bodmer had created 400 watercolors to illustrate Maximilian’s expedition...

In 1832, Prince Maximilian “Prince Max” of Wied (1782 – 1867), a German aristocrat and naturalist, invited Swiss artist Karl Bodmer (1809 – 1893) to join him on a scientific journey through North America. As they traveled along the Upper Missouri River, Bodmer created accurate drawings of the people and places they encountered. He became one of the first European artists to depict the Native peoples of the American West, and the Buffalo Bill Historical Center in Cody, Wyoming, is pleased to display some of these historic prints.

Soon after the expedition began, Prince Max wrote to his brother that Bodmer “is a lively, very good man and companion, seems well educated, and is very pleasant and very suitable for me; I am glad I picked him. He makes no demands, and in diligence he is never lacking.”

Prince Max and Bodmer set out from St. Louis, Missouri, in April 1833 on the 2,500-mile journey by steam and keelboat up the Missouri River. They traveled as far as Fort McKenzie, near present day Fort Benton, Montana; wintered at Fort Clark near the Mandan villages; and continued downriver the following spring, having spent over a year on the Upper Missouri.

On the expedition, Bodmer depicted some of the same characters that artist George Catlin had painted just months before. Bodmer was also the last artist able to paint the Mandan Indians in North Dakota before the fatal 1837 smallpox epidemic that nearly obliterated the tribe. As Bodmer painted portraits of the various Native Americans they met, Prince Max conducted studies and made notes on the botany and zoology of the areas.

By the end of the journey, Bodmer had created 400 watercolors to illustrate Maximilian’s expedition, and when he returned to France—never to visit America again—he completed 81 plates, many used in Prince Max’s book. Each elegant painting displayed extremely detailed and accurate accounts of Indian ceremonies and everyday life, and in 1843, Maximilian’s lithographs were published in "Travels in the Interior of America." The images became very popular and were widely reproduced. To be sure, the prints shaped the way Americans viewed the people and places of the West.

Committed to connecting people with the Spirit of the American West, the Buffalo Bill Historical Center (soon to be Buffalo Bill Center of the West) in Cody, Wyoming, weaves the varied threads of the western experience—history and myth, art and Native culture, firearms, and the nature and science of Yellowstone—into the rich panorama that is the American West. The Center, an Affiliate of the Smithsonian Institution, operates its spring schedule of 10 a.m. – 5 p.m. daily. For general information, visit the Center's Web site, or call 307.587.4771.

Share article on social media or email:

View article via:

Pdf Print

Contact Author

Marguerite House

Mindy Besaw
Follow us on
Visit website