Evidence-based practice is implemented by nurses to make the best informed decision based upon knowledge, experience and current research guided by patient outcomes.
Seward, NE (PRWEB) August 01, 2012
As health care costs rise and quality improvement becomes increasingly important, more health care organizations are turning to evidence-based practice (EBP) as a potential solution. Concordia University, Nebraska’s RN to BSN online incorporates the evidence-based approach with a curriculum designed to meet the demands of today’s organizationally and technologically complex health care field.
Evidence-based practice is a problem-solving approach to health care that integrates and synthesizes the best available information, expertise from nurses and other health care professionals, and the preferences and values of the patients, families and communities involved. It is particularly relevant to nursing practice, with its high levels of patient interaction and observation.
According to a January 2010 article in The American Journal of Nursing, “Evidence-Based Practice, Step by Step: The Seven Steps of Evidence-Based Practice,” the EBP approach involves seven steps, numbered zero through six.
- Step zero: Cultivate a spirit of inquiry. Nurses should be open to asking questions and exploring potential solutions.
- Step 1: Ask clinical questions in PICOT format. PICOT stands for patient population of interest (P), intervention or area of interest (I), comparison intervention or group (C), outcome (O) and time (T).
- Step 2: Search for the best evidence. The PICOT format helps nurses narrow down information provided by electronic databases for relevant data and studies.
- Step 3: Critically appraise the evidence. Nurses should also learn how to quickly evaluate research and studies for the most valid and relevant cases.
- Step 4: Integrate the evidence with clinical expertise and patient preferences and values. Solutions and treatments will vary according to patient preference, available tests and treatments, budgets and other factors.
- Step 5: Evaluate the outcomes of the practice decisions or changes based on evidence. Nurses should monitor and assess outcomes for positive and negative effects.
- Step 6: Disseminate EBP results. Sharing outcomes is a vital to help other health care professionals, avoid duplication of effort and further the pursuit of top-quality care.
Studies have shown that EBP not only leads to improved outcomes and reduced costs, but also results in greater satisfaction among nurses than traditional approaches to patient care.
"Evidence-based practice is implemented by nurses to make the best informed decision based upon knowledge, experience and current research guided by patient outcomes,” says Molly Fitzke, the program director of the RN to BSN program at Concordia. "This framework is important for everyday nurses to acculturate in their daily practice standards.”
Concordia's Registered Nurse to Bachelor of Science in Nursing online program is designed to incorporate EBP principles as well as to meet standards from the National League for Nursing Accreditation Commission, American Association of Colleges of Nursing, National League for Nursing, Robert Woods Johnson Foundation and Institute of Medicine. Coursework emphasizes key subject areas in nursing and allows students to enhance their knowledge with a variety of electives ranging from genetics to gerontology and parish nursing to wellness care. The program launches in January 2013 and applications are now being accepted. For more information, go to onlineprograms.cune.edu.
About Concordia University, Nebraska
Concordia University, Nebraska was founded in 1894 by The Lutheran Church—Missouri Synod and carries forward a mission of providing excellent Christian education as it welcomes all students seeking lives of learning, service and leadership. Concordia is fully accredited by The Higher Learning Commission (HLC) of the North Central Association of Colleges and Schools and offers more than 50 undergraduate programs and approximately 20 graduate degrees, specializations, certificates and adult learning programs.