Clock Slips are a count of the difference between a reference T1 E1 clock and another T1 E1 signal being measured. A Clock Slip is a one-second-interval measurement (accuracy of the timing slips is +/- 1 count) that arise because of phase differences.
Gaithersburg, Maryland (PRWEB) September 12, 2012
GL Communications Inc. announced today the release of its latest T1 E1 Hardware product feature Clock Slip Measurement– which monitors Clock and Frame Slips on T1 E1 Lines.
Speaking to reporters, Mr. Jagdish Vadalia Senior Manager of the company said, “In a network, all switches use a single timing signal to transmit all signals in the outbound direction. This single timing is always derived directly from a single common reference timing signal available network wide. However, incoming signals may have timing variations due to propagation variations, re-clocking jitter, wander, frequency drift, etc. Due to this timing difference between transmit vs. receive signals; the network equipment may suffer an impairment by replicating data or deleting data. This is referred to as a Timing, Clock, Bit, or Frame Slip.”
He added, “Clock Slips are a count of the difference between a reference T1 E1 clock and another T1 E1 signal being measured. A Clock Slip is a one-second-interval measurement (accuracy of the timing slips is +/- 1 count) that arise because of phase differences or frequency differences of the incoming signal vs. the outgoing signal timing (the reference). Enough clock slips (usually counts reaching 192 or 193) create a frame slip, and eventually, loses or repeats data.”
Mr. Vadalia explained, “GL’s T1 E1 Analyzer can measure Clock Slips between two T1 E1 timing signals. Different modes of Clock Slip that can be measured by T1 E1 hardware are:
Internal Clock Slip Reference:This Clock Slip measurement compares the incoming receive clock from the port against the internal clock provided by the unit. The software compares the internal counter to the recovered clock counter by storing these counts.
Crossport Clock Slip Reference: This Clock Slip measurement compares the incoming receive clock from Port #1 against the incoming receive clock from Port #2 using the Recovered Clock on Port #1 and Recovered Clock on Port #2.
External Clock Slip Reference: This Clock Slip measurement compares the incoming receive clock using the Recovered Clock of Port 1 or 2 against the External Clock provided on the external clock input. In this case the external clock must be either a T1 or E1 timing signal.”
About GL Communications Inc.,
Founded in 1986, GL Communications Inc. is a leading supplier of test, monitoring, and analysis equipment for TDM, Wireless, IP and VoIP networks. Unlike conventional test equipment, GL's test platforms provide visualization, capture, storage, and convenient features like portability, remotability, and scripting.
GL’s TDM Analysis & Emulation line of products includes T1, E1, T3, E3, OC-3, OC-12, STM-1, STM-4, analog four-wire, and analog two-wire interface cards, external portable pods, and complete system solutions. Capabilities include voiceband traffic analysis and emulation across all traffic types (voice, digits, tones, fax, modem), all protocols (ISDN, SS7, GR-303, Frame Relay, HDLC, V5.X, ATM, GSM, GPRS, LTE, etc.), and with capacities up to thousands of channels. Our newest products provide astonishing capacity and capture capability up to and including gigabit speeds.
GL’s VoIP and IP products generate / analyze thousands of calls and traffic simultaneously with traffic types such as frames, packets, voice files, digits, video, tones, noise, and fax. Almost all codecs are supported including G.711, G.729, AMR, EVRC-A,B,C, GSM, iSAC, and many more. Additional features include visual analysis, real-time listening, and recording. The product line also includes Ethernet / IP Testing capability that simulates and checks frame transport and throughput parameters of Ethernet and IP networks, including delay, errors and other impairments.
GL's Voice Quality Testing (VQT) product line complements all of GL's products. Using ITU-standard algorithms (PAMS, PSQM, and PESQ), GL's VQT provides a widely accepted solution for assessing voice quality in the telecom industry. Voice Quality Testing across multiple networks (T1, E1, T3, E3, OC-3, OC-12, VoIP, Wireless, and Landline) are all available.
GL’s Wireless Products perform protocol analysis and voice quality assessment on GSM, CDMA, UMTS, and LTE networks. Connections can be made to any wireless phone with automated call control, GPS mapping and real-time signal measurements.
GL’s Echo Canceller testing solutions provide the broadest range of simulation and analysis, including line and acoustic echo. GL’s compliance testing per G.168. G.167, and P.340 across TDM, IP, VoIP and Wireless networks is widely accepted in the industry.
GL’s wireless VQT solutions help assessing impairments to voice quality such as poor mobile phone quality, voice compression and decompression algorithms, delay, loss and gain in speech levels, noise, acoustic and landline echo, and other distortions are easily assessed and accurately measured.
GL’s Handheld data testers can test a wide variety of communications facilities and equipment including T1, fractional T1, E1, fractional E1, T3 and E3 modems, multiplexers, CSU, DSUs, T1 CSUs, DTUs, NTUs and TIUs and more. The testers provide convenience, economy, and portability for almost any interface, including RS232, RS-422, RS-530, X.21, T1, E1, T3, E3, and many others.
GL’s Network Surveillance and Monitoring products include Probes for TDM, IP, VoIP, ATM, and Wireless networks. An open standards based approach provides a scalable, feature rich, real-time access to network characteristics. Centralized or distributed access, efficient transport and database loading allow compatibility with 3rd party and standards based monitoring systems.