Because smoking has a negative effect on sleep, it has an indirect impact on day to day functioning
Los Angeles, CA (PRWEB) October 17, 2012
Increased risk of stroke, emphysema, cancer, and many other chronic diseases are associated with tobacco use, but disturbed sleep is a daily occurrence for many smokers, as well. A new German study published in the October issue of the journal Addiction Biology found that smokers experience impaired sleep quality and shorter sleep duration. Board-Certified Los Angeles Sleep Specialist Dr. Dan Naim explains how nicotine can negatively impact sleep.
The new research found that of 1100 smokers surveyed, 17 percent got less than six hour of sleep per night and more than one-quarter reported disturbed sleep quality. By comparison, of the 1200 non-smokers surveyed, only seven percent slept less than six hours per night and 19 percent reported disturbed sleep. Results were measured by a survey called the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, which asked volunteers questions regarding reasons for trouble sleeping at night or staying awake during the day.
Similar to caffeine, nicotine is a stimulant. Nicotine is a highly addictive, harmful chemical which has a short half-life, or the time it takes for the substance to lose half of its potency, of approximately 60 minutes. Because many smokers have their final cigarette of the day before going to sleep, it can result in a more alert feeling, causing restlessness. After about six hours, all nicotine has left the body, which can interrupt the deeper phases of sleep and keep a person from reaching the more restful stages of sleep.
Another 2012 study published in the journal Sleep Medicine found that smokers showed sleep impairments similar to those experienced during insomnia, such as shorter sleep period time, longer time to fall asleep, sleep-disorder breathing, and leg movements.
“Because smoking has a negative effect on sleep, it has an indirect impact on day to day functioning,” said Dr. Naim. “Smokers have a high likelihood of developing insomnia, which is another good reason to quit smoking. In the process of quitting smoking, nicotine withdrawals and insomnia are the most common reasons why smokers relapse, but sleep will gradually improve, along with its restorative benefits.”
For more information about quitting smoking, please visit the Guide to Quitting Smoking from the American Cancer Society at http://www.cancer.org/acs/groups/cid/documents/webcontent/002971-pdf.pdf
About Dr. Dan Naim
Dr. Dan I. Naim is Board-Certified in the fields of Internal Medicine, Sleep Medicine, and Pulmonary Medicine. He completed medical school at the Drexel University College of Medicine and went on to fellowship-training in Internal Medicine at the UCLA-VA Internal Medicine Residency program. Dr. Naim completed a pulmonary and critical care fellowship with Cedars-Sinai Medical Center. Dr. Naim states that his interest in sleep medicine grew as he learned how the role of disturbed sleep could not only impair the quality of someone’s life, but also lead to extensive health problems. His time working in critical care has also shown him how a sleep disorder can lead to hospitalizations in the Intensive Care Unit if the disorder is left untreated. He believes deeply in patient care and education and fostering a partnership with his patients in order for them to achieve the best medical care possible.
About Los Angeles Sleep Study Institute
Los Angeles Sleep Study Institute has a team of highly trained specialists who use the most advanced medical technologies available to effectively diagnose sleep disorders. The team of dedicated professionals treats snoring, sleep apnea, insomnia and other sleep-related problems in a comfortable, professional and friendly environment. To learn more, call (818) 343-1569 or visit http://www.sleepstudyla.com.