San Jose, CA (PRWEB) December 13, 2012
The use of hands only CPR is currently recognized by the American Heart Association as an acceptable alternative to regular CPR. Hands only CPR is recommended for use on adults, but conventional CPR is still preferred for children and infants, but even for this younger age group, administering hands only CPR is better than no CPR at all when needed. The CPR technique for infants is different than the technique explained here and this article does not cover infants.
As in all first aid scenarios the rescuer's safety should be the top priority. The first step after witnessing an accident is to survey the scene to make sure it is safe to approach. The next action should be to put on gloves to act as a barrier against potential pathogens.
Check for responsiveness by by tapping them on the shoulder and loudly asking if they are okay. If they’re unresponsive have someone call 9-1-1 or make that call quickly using a land line instead of a mobile phone if possible. It’s important to get help on the way as soon as possible. The response time for emergencies in San Jose is very fast - about 8-12 minutes.
If the victim isn’t on their back, roll them onto their back. If they’re breathing, the rescuer may feel them exhale on the cheek, or be able to see their chest rise and fall with each breath.
If the victim isn’t breathing, they need chest compressions.
Kneel beside the victim and place the heel of one hand on the center of their chest. Place the second hand over your first hand and interlace the fingers. Position the shoulders directly over the hands, keep the arms straight by locking your elbows, and keep the fingers off the chest.
While keeping your arms straight use your upper body weight to deliver chest compressions. The proper depth of compressions is at least two inches for adults, a little bit less, about two inches for children. Press hard and fast, letting the chest fully rise between compressions without taking the hands off their chest.
The rate of compressions should be at least 100 per minute. The beat of the Bee Gee’s disco song, Staying Alive, is the proper rate to deliver chest compressions.
Continue delivering chest compressions until:
1. The victim shows obvious signs of life.
2. Another trained responder arrives to take over.
3. Too exhausted to continue delivering compressions.
4. An Automated External Defibrillator (AED) becomes available to use.
5. The scene becomes unsafe.
Remember, it’s much easier to deliver effective chest compressions if the victim is on a firm, flat surface. If the victim vomits, roll them on their side and clear their mouth. Then place them on their back again and continue delivering chest compressions.
Everyone is encouraged to contact the American Red Cross or the American Heart Association for further training. The American Heart Association provides official CPR certification classes in San Jose, CA.