Nile River Volume Decreases, the Problem to Local Communities

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River Nile becomes shallow this year affecting those along the Nile. Jonglei State livestock and wildlife are facing drinking water issues.

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The Nile River is getting shallow to its depths that brings a full attention to cattle-rearing communities along the Nile. Nomads from South Sudan are facing serious problems as season is extremely dried. The Bor Globe Network learned it on Saturday from local authorities in Bor Town on phone. Most of the cattle stations move to ria where they will find drinking water for their herds.

Yet, herders are still encountering difficulties at the rias because shores and tributaries are irregular and muddy, making it very hard for cows to drink. When these animals try to drink from a far-reach, some of them fall into the river and they are gone, county officials reported.

"There is no rest at all, we move along with cows at pasturing time because some of them get stuck in muddy areas and we unearth them" said Mariar Deng, the head of nomad groups at "Toch Mayen" about 25 miles north of Bor, the capital of Jonglei State.

On February 10 of this year, the run-in between the two sections of Nyuak payam, which led to the death of four people, was over tributaries. During a dry period, water points are always the major sources of disputes and fights (

Last year was the year of drought that affected subsistence in term of agricultural productions to villagers. People from Jonglei State economically depend on farming and livestock, which are affected by current water shortages.

In the meantime, wild animals are now changing their locations periodically to the River Nile bank as the densest jungles ran out of water sources. "It was quite rare to see wild animals coming again to the nearest neighborhood and live with people since the war started; however, it is now so common to see antelopes, gazelles, tiangs, and blesboks looking for water at people's residencies."

The recent disarmament in Bor areas has a remarkable step forward to wildlife safety. Wildlife is now less vulnerable to poachers and hunters in the disarmed counties of the Jonglei State. Although some hunters illegally still use old methods of spears and traps, they are not as effective as guns uses (

The Nile has its source in the Lake Victoria, which neighbors Uganda, Tanzania, and Kenya – the East African Community.


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Majur Nhial
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