Chiller Tower Air Condition Efficiency - 101

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National Energy Technologies LLC, a Pennsylvania company announces the addition of a new technology designed to improve large chiller efficiency and save millions of gallons of water. These systems will maintain optimal chiller water chemistry, allowing for a reduction of waste water, chemical use as well as scaling, corrosion and bio buildup in the heat exchanger.

Electrolytic Cell

“The millions of gallons of waste water and the steady loss of chiller efficiency can be greatly reduced”

If Air conditioning is one of our nation's largest energy drains then large building chiller systems often with evaporative cooling towers make up a large part of that statistic. These systems are often the largest most expensive building system and use a lot of power to deliver a comfortable environment. Although built to last for many years these systems become far less effective as they age. This loss of efficiency comes primarily from corrosion and the buildup of scale, chemicals and biomass in the heat exchanger. Very simply the expensive system will need to run twice as much to provide the same cool air. Part of the problem is that large amounts of chemicals are added to the critically important closed water loop part of the system to prevent biological buildup. Chemicals over time will cause their own buildup and contribute to the detrition of the waters ability to cool. To make matters worse, these systems contain an important sensor that will initiate system water exchanges called blow-down when they detect too much contaminant, mineral particles or certain chemical elements. If not properly managed the blow-down on a chiller system can exceed a million gallons per year.

According to Scott Milne President of National Energy Technologies “The millions of gallons of waste water and the steady loss of chiller efficiency can be greatly reduced”. The importance of this closed loop chiller water as well as the refrigerant oil should not be understated. It is the lifeblood of the equipment and should be treated as such. In fact a quality chiller efficiency consultant will send a small sample of the system water and refrigerant lubricating oil into a lavatory testing facility to study the condition and component compounds. Similar to a blood test, the consultant along with the retrofit solution manufacturers may notice system concerns and will use the analysis to determine best practice.

Chiller technology continues to advance and a new combination of technologies can be custom designed that will improve the quality of the chiller water and heat exchanger. These systems will maintain optimal chiller water chemistry, allowing for a reduction of harmful chemicals and reduced scaling, corrosion and bio buildup in the heat exchanger. The centerpiece of this process is called an Electrolytic Bromine Generator which is able to increase system efficiency and prevent most of the blow-down of used chiller water.

The electrolytic bromine delivered in a sidestream flow of highly cycled cooling tower water by electrochemical oxidation of the chloride and bromide ions present. Electrolytic bromine is an excellent standalone biocide for the alkaline pH conditions common to such cooling waters. Operated on an intermittent basis, with dosage frequency dependent upon the specific degree of biological control desired, the produced electrolytic bromine converts back to bromide ion and is continuously recycled through the unit many times, thus eliminating any need to add dangerous, toxic chemical biocides to the cooling tower. Note that the technology can only be used on cooling tower systems using 100% softened makeup water and which are cycled to a minimum conductivity of 4,000 mmhos. Biocide dose frequency and length is controlled via an external timer unit or controller, sufficient bromide ion is provided by recommended water chemistry dealers. This unit can treat cooling systems ranging from 100 gallons to as high as 100,000 gallons and will often be partnered with water softening, filtration, and corrosion inhibitors, to maximize efficiency and minimize water waste.

National Energy Technologies LLC has elevated the standard of excellence of Conservation Consulting Services by combining expertise in multiple utility reduction practices in a comprehensive yet holistic approach. We are a commercial facility conservation consultant specialist. Our firm will introduce, and consult on targeted technologies designed to maximize utility savings with the shortest ROI. Our techniques will save from 5 to 25% on electricity, cooling, water, or fuel, by correcting inefficiencies in; air conditioning, large refrigeration, lighting, laundry, compressed air, water flow and many other resource depleting activities. National Energy Technologies performs energy assessments, corporate counseling, public speaking, and can consult on demand response, deregulated energy contracts as well as ongoing energy modeling. Our technicians are efficiency specialists; and understand all aspects of large facility infrastructure. 800-984-0332

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