Abrasive Materials, Products, Applications and Global Markets

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STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES

Abrasives are materials that are used to cut, smooth, roughen, polish or clean surfaces, or simply to remove material to alter surface shapes or dimensions. Products with abrasive materials include grinding discs and wheels, sandpaper, polishing and lapping compounds, deburring media and sandblasting materials.

Abrasives are a well-established global market with a long history of products, technologies and slowly evolving market trends. Abrasives are mainly used in bonded and coated forms for various applications such as cutting, polishing, grinding, surface finishing and various other applications. Industries such as automotive, construction, aerospace and industrial form the major customer markets for abrasive product manufacturers. Unique applications include using abrasives to create friction in braking products such as vehicle brake pads in the automotive industry and windmills in industrial products.

Several unique and novel technologies are starting to make inroads into the mundane and well-established abrasive products and technology market. The next several decades should witness the influences of these novel technologies in the market that could alter the industrial landscape of these products and technologies.

This report is designed to investigate the global abrasives market by technology, product line and market size with supporting tables and figures to illustrate projected growth. The report will include developed countries such as the U.S., Europe and Japan, as well as other developing countries such as China and India.

This report offers forecasts by product segment from 2011 through 2017, including supporting analyses for projections.

REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY

The objective of this study is to provide an in-depth analysis and forecast of the global abrasives market. The focus is on technology, products and market details of the worldwide abrasives industry.

The global market for abrasives is estimated to grow in the low single digits globally until 2017. However, significant differences are expected between established traditional abrasive products and products that are catering to niche markets such as semiconductors and photovoltaic. Further, abrasive products market is expected to grow faster than the abrasive grains market.

INTENDED AUDIENCE

This report is intended for customers and suppliers of abrasive technologies and products, and others with a need to understand the status and dynamics of the market for these products. This report is largely nontechnical in nature and coverage. It is concerned less with theory and jargon than with what works, who the major global players are, what technological trends are seen in the market place, regulations that are shaping the market and how technology will drive market growth.

As such, the report’s content should be highly useful to executive management personnel and marketing and financial analysts due to the organized presentation of data. Scientists and technologists would also benefit from the report as its findings concern the market for their work, which should interest them and provide them with a clearer perspective as to how their work can influence the future of the industry and what new technologies are making inroads into various application segments of the industry.

This report is an invaluable tool for chief-level (C-level) executives, business planners, acquisition specialists, licensing strategists, product managers, market research analysts, investing consultants and others interested in the abrasives market and its products, technologies, participants and future.

SCOPE OF REPORT

The report will include details about various types of abrasives, materials used as abrasives, the abrasive manufacturers’ most commonly used grains, their production with values, the manufacturers of products using abrasive materials primarily for machine tools, the users of the abrasive tool and other applications, and the users of loose abrasives.

The report will be formatted in such a way that it will contain comprehensive information about the abrasive industry and the users thereof.

The initial section of the report covers the technical aspects of the industry and what the industry products offer in terms of applications and markets.

In the subsequent section, the abrasive grains market is analyzed on a global scale. This section covers the major abrasive grain types and market details of each. With detailed analysis of players and production capacities, emerging trends are discussed.

The U.S. and Europe are the two biggest markets for abrasives and abrasive products. Separate chapters cover each of these regions, and within each region, the trends for both abrasive grains and abrasive products are analyzed. Subcategories of each of these markets are also analyzed, based on trade data and statistical data. These also include, for example, average employee costs, energy usage and capital expenditures.

In the final chapter, in-depth details of the industry players are given. This chapter is very wide in scope, and includes products, company history, locations and financials of more than 100 companies. The objective has been to include all companies that have more than $100 million in annual revenues and are active in the abrasive industry. Several smaller companies are included if these are niche players. These companies are listed in alphabetical order. It is estimated that the combined revenues of the companies analyzed is about $15 billion.

METHODOLOGY AND INFORMATION SOURCES

Information for this report is obtained from a variety of primary and secondary research sources, including industry analysts, annual reports and regulatory filings, U.S. Patent and Trademarks office, other government agencies inside and outside the U.S., European trade statistics and journal articles. Secondary sources include literature searches, product literature, Internet, company websites and press releases. Interviews conducted with experts in the industry also provided valuable information contained in this report.

Where precise information is not available, a consensus has been made using reasonable assumptions and estimates based on historical data.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Vijay Subramanian has a Ph.D. in Materials Science and has extensive experience in the field of materials, including an in-depth understanding of abrasives and its applications. He worked for more than a decade in the automotive industry in the United States and later in India, and owns multiple U.S. patents in the fields of friction materials and coatings. He has authored reports for BCC Research since 2012. Other reports by the author include AVM086A Top Ten Suppliers of Friction Products and Materials.

REPORT HIGHLIGHTS

This report provides:
•An overview of the global market for abrasive products, which are materials used to cut, smooth, roughen, polish, or clean surfaces, or simply used to remove material to alter surface shapes or dimensions.
•Coverage of both abrasives and fine polishing markets.
•Analyses of global market trends, with data from 2011, and projections of compound annual growth rates (CAGRs) through 2017.
•Abrasives and abrasive products industries, global market trends in each, merger and acquisitions and its impact in the market place.
•Alumina and Silicon carbide marketplace, production capacities, trends, and geographical details.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 2

STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES 2
REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY 2
INTENDED AUDIENCE 2
SCOPE OF REPORT 3
METHODOLOGIES AND INFORMATION SOURCES 4
ABOUT THE AUTHOR 4
RELATED BCC REPORTS 4
BCC ONLINE SERVICES 5
DISCLAIMER 5

CHAPTER 2 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 7

SUMMARY TABLE GLOBAL ABRASIVE PRODUCTS AND MATERIALS MARKET
OUTLOOK, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 8
SUMMARY FIGURE GLOBAL ABRASIVE PRODUCTS AND MATERIALS MARKET
OUTLOOK, 2010-2017 ($ MILLIONS) 8

CHAPTER 3 OVERVIEW - ABRASIVES AND TECHNOLOGIES 10

WHAT ARE ABRASIVES? 10
TABLE 1 MOHS HARDNESS SCALE OF VARIOUS MINERALS 10
TABLE 2 MOHS HARDNESS LIST OF NATURAL AND SYNTHETIC MATERIALS 11
FACTORS AFFECTING CHOICE OF ABRASIVES 11
TABLE 3 FACTORS TO BE CONSIDERED WHEN CHOOSING AN ABRASIVE 12
TABLE 4 EFFECT OF PARTICLE SIZE IN SURFACE FINISH OF PROCESSED PART 13
TABLE 5 ABRASIVES USED AGAINST DIFFERENT MATERIALS 13
IMPORTANCE OF THE ABRASIVE INDUSTRY 14
HISTORY OF THE INDUSTRY 15
CLASSIFICATION OF ABRASIVES 16
NATURAL ABRASIVES 16
SYNTHETIC ABRASIVES 17
SUPERABRASIVES 17
TABLE 6 SELECTIONS OF SUPERABRASIVES FOR VARIOUS SUBSTRATES 18
TABLE 7 CORE MATERIALS USED IN SUPERABRASIVE PRODUCTS 19
TABLE 8 BOND TYPES USED IN SUPERABRASIVE PRODUCTS 19
TABLE 9 MANUFACTURING STEPS FOR SUPERABRASIVE GRINDING WHEELS 19
COMBINATION ABRASIVES 19
CLASSIFICATION OF ABRASIVE TOOLS 20
TABLE 10 ABRASIVE TOOLS AND APPLICATION 20
LOOSE ABRASIVES 20
TABLE 11 ABRASIVE MATERIALS FOR VARIOUS BLASTING APPLICATIONS 21
BONDED ABRASIVES 21
TABLE 12 BONDING MATERIALS USED IN CONVENTIONAL BONDED ABRASIVES 22
TABLE 13 STEPS IN CONVENTIONAL BONDED WHEEL MANUFACTURING 22
COATED ABRASIVES 22
TABLE 14 TYPICAL COMPOSITION OF A COATED ABRASIVE 22
NONWOVEN ABRASIVES 23
TABLE 15 LISTS OF TYPICAL PRODUCTS IN THE NONWOVEN ABRASIVE PRODUCTS
CATEGORY AND FEATURES 23
POLISHING PRODUCTS 24
TABLE 16 TYPICAL ABRASIVES USED IN POLISHING 24
TABLE 17 PARAMETERS AFFECTING PROPERTIES OF POLISHING-GRADE ALUMINA 24
APPLICATIONS OF ABRASIVES 25
BUFFING 25
CUTTING 26
GRINDING 26
HONING 28
TABLE 18 ABRASIVE CHOICES FOR HONING OF VARIOUS MATERIALS 28
TABLE 19 APPLICATION LIST FOR HONING PROCESS, BY INDUSTRY 29
LAPPING 30
Lapping Vehicle Fluids 30
Lapping Process 31
MACHINING 32
TABLE 20 ADVANCED MACHINING PROCESSES 32
TABLE 21 SPECIFIC ENERGY REQUIREMENTS FOR MACHINING OF VARIOUS
MATERIALS 32
POLISHING 33
TABLE 22 MAJOR COMPONENTS OF POLISHING AGENTS 34

CHAPTER 4 GLOBAL ABRASIVE GRAINS MARKET - SIZE AND NATURE 37

GLOBAL GDP ANALYSIS 37
TABLE 23 GLOBAL GDP BY COUNTRY, 2011 ($ MILLIONS) 37
FIGURE 1 GLOBAL GDP BY COUNTRY, 2011 (GDP, 2011 $ MILLIONS U.S.) 38
GLOBAL ABRASIVES INDUSTRY TRENDS 38
MOVE FROM ABRASIVES TO SUPERABRASIVES 39
VERTICAL INTEGRATION 39
SHRINKING INDUSTRY SIZE BY VERTICAL INTEGRATION 39
REGULATORY-DRIVEN TRENDS 40
OVERVIEW OF ABRASIVE GRAINS 40
ALUMINA INDUSTRY 41
FUSED ALUMINA GLOBAL CAPACITY AND USAGE 41
TABLE 24 GLOBAL FUSED ALUMINUM OXIDE PRODUCTION CAPACITY, THROUGH
2017 (METRIC TONNES) 41
FIGURE 2 GLOBAL FUSED ALUMINA PRODUCTION CAPACITY, 2011-2017 (METRIC
TONNES) 41
FUSED ALUMINA PRODUCERS AND CAPACITIES 42
TABLE 25 HISTORIC FUSED ALUMINA PRODUCTION, 1995-2003 (THOUSAND
METRIC TONNES) 42
TABLE 26 GLOBAL FUSED ALUMINA PRODUCTION CAPACITY, BY MANUFACTURER
AND LOCATION, TPA 43
CHAPTER UPDATES FOR THE DATA SINCE PUBLICATION 44
TABLE 27 MAJOR GLOBAL MANUFACTURERS OF ABRASIVE ALUMINA WITH
CAPACITY MORE THAN 100,000 TPA, 2011 44
GLOBAL SILICON CARBIDE INDUSTRY TRENDS 45
SHIFT FROM WEST TO EAST 45
TABLE 28 CHINA’S EXPORT QUOTA LIMITS FOR SILICON CARBIDE, 2001-2012
(THOUSAND METRIC TONNES) 45
FIGURE 3 CHINA'S EXPORT QUOTA LIMITS FOR SILICON CARBIDE, 2001-2012,
(THOUSAND METRIC TONNES) 45
SHIFT FROM NORTH TO SOUTH 46
TRENDS IN TECHNOLOGY 47
MACRO TO MICRO GRITS 47
TABLE 29 PV INSTALLATIONS WORLDWIDE, THROUGH 2017 (GIGAWATTS) 48
FIGURE 4 PV INSTALLATIONS WORLDWIDE, 2008-2017 (GIGAWATTS) 48
RECYCLING OF SILICON CARBIDE 48
CHINA FACTOR FOR SILICON CARBIDE 49
SILICON CARBIDE GLOBAL CAPACITY AND USAGE 49
TABLE 30 GLOBAL SIC CAPACITY, EXPORT/IMPORT AND USAGE BY COUNTRY, 2010
(METRIC TONNES) 49
TABLE 31 GLOBAL SIC MICRO GRIT MANUFACTURING CAPACITY BY COMPANY, 2012 (METRIC TONNES) 51
FIGURE 5 ANNUAL GLOBAL SIC MICRO GRIT MANUFACTURING CAPACITY BY COMPANY (1 OF 2), 2012 (METRIC TONNES) 51
FIGURE 6 ANNUAL GLOBAL SIC MICRO GRIT MANUFACTURING CAPACITY BY COMPANY (2 OF 2), 2012 (METRIC TONNES) 53
TABLE 32 SILICON CARBIDE MOST RECENT PRODUCTION CAPACITY IN EUROPE AND REST OF THE WORLD (METRIC TONNES/YR) 53
FIGURE 7 SILICON CARBIDE MOST RECENT PRODUCTION CAPACITY IN EUROPE AND REST OF THE WORLD (METRIC TONNES) 54
TABLE 33 GLOBAL CRUDE SILICON CARBIDE PRODUCTION CAPACITY, THROUGH 2017 (METRIC TONNES) 54
FIGURE 8 GLOBAL CRUDE SILICON CARBIDE PRODUCTION CAPACITY, 2011-2017
(METRIC TONNES) 55
DIAMONDS ARE FOREVER 56
INDUSTRIAL DIAMONDS - NATURAL AND SYNTHETIC 56
TABLE 34 INDUSTRIAL-GRADE NATURAL DIAMOND WORLD PRODUCTION BY COUNTRY, 2007-2011 (THOUSAND CARATS) 57
FIGURE 9 TOTAL GLOBAL INDUSTRIAL-GRADE NATURAL DIAMOND WORLD PRODUCTION, 2007-2011 (THOUSAND CARATS) 57
TABLE 35 INDUSTRIAL-GRADE NATURAL DIAMOND WORLD PRODUCTION BY COUNTRY, 2007-2011 (MILLION CARATS) 58
FIGURE 10 (THOUSAND CARATS)INDUSTRIAL-GRADE NATURAL DIAMOND WORLD
PRODUCTION BY COUNTRY, 2007-2011 (MILLION CARATS) 58
TABLE 36 SYNTHETIC DIAMOND WORLD PRODUCTION BY COUNTRY, 2007-2011
(MILLION CARATS) 60
FIGURE 11 SYNTHETIC DIAMOND WORLD PRODUCTION BY COUNTRY (EXCEPT CHINA), 2007-2011 (MILLION CARATS) 60
TABLE 37 DIAMOND COST PER CARAT IN THE U.S., THROUGH 2012 61
FIGURE 12 DIAMOND COST PER CARAT IN THE U.S., 2008-2012 ($/CARAT) 61
TABLE 38 SYNTHETIC DIAMOND GLOBAL MARKET SIZE, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 61
FIGURE 13 SYNTHETIC DIAMOND GLOBAL MARKET SIZE, 2008-2017 ($ MILLIONS) 61
CUBIC BORON NITRIDE AND OTHER 62
METALLIC ABRASIVES 62
NATURAL ABRASIVES 63
SUMMARY ABRASIVE GRAINS 2011 64
TABLE 39 GLOBAL ABRASIVE GRAINS MARKET, 2011 ($ MILLIONS) 64
FIGURE 14 GLOBAL ABRASIVE GRAINS MARKET, 2011 ($ MILLIONS) 64

CHAPTER 5 UNITED STATES ABRASIVE MARKET 66

ABRASIVE GRAINS MARKET 66
ALUMINA INDUSTRY 66
TABLE 40 FUSED ALUMINUM OXIDE MARKET IN U.S., THROUGH 2017 (METRIC TONNES) 66
FIGURE 15 FUSED ALUMINUM OXIDE MARKET IN U.S., 2009-2017 (METRIC TONNES) 66
TABLE 41 CRUDE AND REFINED ALUMINUM OXIDE IMPORT TO AND EXPORT FROM U.S., THROUGH 2017 (METRIC TONNES) 67
FIGURE 16 CRUDE AND REFINED ALUMINUM OXIDE IMPORT TO AND EXPORT FROM U.S., 2010-2017 (METRIC TONNES) 68
TABLE 42 CRUDE AND REFINED ALUMINUM OXIDE IMPORT TO AND EXPORT FROM U.S., THROUGH 2017 ($ THOUSANDS) 68
FIGURE 17 CRUDE AND REFINED ALUMINUM OXIDE IMPORT TO AND EXPORT FROM U.S., 2010-2017 ($ THOUSANDS) 68
TABLE 43 CRUDE ALUMINUM OXIDE PRODUCTION IN U.S., THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 69
FIGURE 18 CRUDE ALUMINUM OXIDE PRODUCTION IN U.S., 2009-2017 ($ MILLIONS) 69
SILICON CARBIDE INDUSTRY 70
TABLE 44 SILICON CARBIDE MARKET IN U.S., THROUGH 2017 (METRIC TONNES) 70
FIGURE 19 SILICON CARBIDE MARKET IN U.S., 2009-2017 (METRIC TONNES) 70
TABLE 45 SILICON CARBIDE PRODUCTION IN U.S., THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 71
FIGURE 20 SILICON CARBIDE PRODUCTION IN U.S., 2009-2017 (METRIC TONNES) 71
DIAMOND INDUSTRY 71
TABLE 46 NATURAL AND SYNTHETIC DIAMOND MARKET IN THE U.S., 2007-2011
(THOUSAND CARATS) 72
FIGURE 21 NATURAL AND SYNTHETIC DIAMOND MARKET IN THE U.S., 2007-2011
(THOUSAND CARATS) 72
TABLE 47 NATURAL AND SYNTHETIC DIAMOND MARKET IN THE U.S., 2007-2011 ($ MILLIONS) 73
FIGURE 22 NATURAL AND SYNTHETIC DIAMOND MARKET IN THE U.S., 2007-2011
($ MILLIONS) 73
CUBIC BORON NITRIDE INDUSTRY 74
TABLE 48 CUBIC BORON NITRIDE GRINDING WHEELS IN THE U.S.-HISTORIC DATA, 1997 AND 2002 ($ MILLIONS) 74
TUNGSTEN CARBIDE INDUSTRY 75
TABLE 49 TUNGSTEN CARBIDE USAGE IN THE U.S., HISTORIC DATA, 1997-2007 ($ MILLIONS) 75
NATURAL AND METALLIC ABRASIVES 75
FIGURE 23 LONG-TERM NATURAL ABRASIVES CONSUMPTION IN U.S., 1900-2020
(METRIC TONNES) 75
FIGURE 24 LONG-TERM NATURAL ABRASIVES PRICES IN U.S., 1990-2010 (USD PER MT) 76
TABLE 50 METALLIC ABRASIVES MARKET IN U.S., THROUGH 2017 (METRIC TONNES) 77
FIGURE 25 METALLIC ABRASIVES MARKET IN U.S., 2010-2017 (METRIC TONNES) 77
TABLE 51 METALLIC ABRASIVES MARKET IN U.S., THROUGH 2017 ($ THOUSANDS) 78
FIGURE 26 METALLIC ABRASIVES MARKET IN U.S., 2010-2017 ($ THOUSANDS) 78
TABLE 52 METALLIC ABRASIVES MARKET IN U.S., 2007-2011 ($ MILLIONS) 79
FIGURE 27 METALLIC ABRASIVES MARKET IN U.S., 2007-2011 ($ MILLIONS) 79
ABRASIVE PRODUCTS MARKET 79
TABLE 53 ABRASIVE INDUSTRY IN THE U.S., NUMBER OF COMPANIES BY NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES, 2010 79
FIGURE 28 ABRASIVE INDUSTRY IN U.S. CONCENTRATION, BY TOTAL REVENUES, 2007* ($ THOUSANDS) 80
FIGURE 29 ABRASIVE INDUSTRY IN U.S., NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES, 2007-2017 81
TABLE 54 ABRASIVE INDUSTRY IN U.S., EMPLOYEE COSTS, 2007-2017 ($ THOUSANDS) 82
FIGURE 30 ABRASIVE INDUSTRY IN U.S., EMPLOYEE COSTS, 2007-2017 ($ THOUSANDS) 82
TABLE 55 ABRASIVE INDUSTRY IN U.S., RAW MATERIALS COST, VALUE ADD AND OUTPUT, 2007–2017 ($ MILLIONS) 83
FIGURE 31 ABRASIVE INDUSTRY IN U.S., RAW MATERIALS COST, VALUE ADD AND
OUTPUT, 2007-2017 ($ MILLIONS) 83
FIGURE 32 ABRASIVE INDUSTRY IN U.S., ENERGY COSTS, 2007–2017 ($ MILLIONS) 84
FIGURE 33 ABRASIVE INDUSTRY IN U.S., ENERGY UNITS PURCHASED, 2007-2017
(MEGAWATTS) 85
FIGURE 34 ABRASIVE INDUSTRY IN U.S., TOTAL CAPEX, 2007-2017 ($ MILLIONS) 85

CHAPTER 6 EUROPEAN ABRASIVE MARKET 88

ABRASIVE GRAINS MARKET 88
NATURAL ABRASIVES 88
TABLE 56 NATURAL ABRASIVES MARKET SIZE BY VOLUME IN EUROPE, THROUGH
2017 (THOUSANDS OF METRIC TONNES) 88
FIGURE 35 NATURAL ABRASIVES MARKET SIZE BY VOLUME IN EUROPE, 2007-2017
(THOUSAND METRIC TONNES) 88
TABLE 57 NATURAL ABRASIVES MARKET SIZE BY VALUE IN EUROPE, THROUGH
2017 (MILLION EUROS) 89
FIGURE 36 NATURAL ABRASIVES MARKET SIZE BY VALUE IN EUROPE, 2007-2017
(MILLION EUROS) 89
SILICON CARBIDE INDUSTRY 90
TABLE 58 SILICON CARBIDE, EUROPEAN TRADE WITH CHINA, THROUGH 2017
(THOUSAND EUROS) 91
FIGURE 37 SILICON CARBIDE, EUROPEAN TRADE WITH CHINA, 2008-2017
(THOUSAND EUROS) 91
TABLE 59 SILICON CARBIDE, EUROPEAN TRADE WITH INDIA, THROUGH 2017
(THOUSAND EUROS) 92
FIGURE 38 SILICON CARBIDE, EUROPEAN TRADE WITH INDIA, THROUGH 2017
(THOUSAND EUROS) 92
TABLE 60 SILICON CARBIDE, EUROPEAN TRADE WITH U.S., THROUGH 2017
(THOUSAND EUROS) 92
FIGURE 39 SILICON CARBIDE, EUROPEAN TRADE WITH U.S., THROUGH 2017
(THOUSAND EUROS) 92
ABRASIVE PRODUCTS INDUSTRY 93
COATED ABRASIVES 94
TABLE 61 NATURAL OR ARTIFICIAL ABRASIVE POWDER OR GRAIN, ON A BASE OF
WOVEN TEXTILE FABRIC ONLY, EUROPEAN MARKET, THROUGH 2017 (MILLION
EUROS)
94
FIGURE 40 ATURAL OR ARTIFICIAL ABRASIVE POWDER OR GRAIN, ON A BASE OF
WOVEN TEXTILE FABRIC ONLY, EUROPEAN MARKET, 2007-2017 (THOUSAND
EUROS)
94
TABLE 62 NATURAL OR ARTIFICIAL ABRASIVE POWDER OR GRAIN, ON A BASE OF
PAPER OR PAPERBOARD ONLY, EUROPEAN MARKET, THROUGH 2017 (MILLION
EUROS)
95
FIGURE 41 NATURAL OR ARTIFICIAL ABRASIVE POWDER OR GRAIN, ON A BASE OF
PAPER OR PAPERBOARD ONLY, EUROPEAN MARKET, 2007-2017 (MILLION EUROS) 95
BONDED ABRASIVES 95
TABLE 63 NATURAL OR ARTIFICIAL ABRASIVE POWDER OR GRAIN, ALL OTHER
PRODUCTS, EUROPEAN MARKET, THROUGH 2017 (MILLION EUROS) 96
FIGURE 42 NATURAL OR ARTIFICIAL ABRASIVE POWDER OR GRAIN, ALL OTHER
PRODUCTS, EUROPEAN MARKET, 2007-2017 (MILLION EUROS) 96
COMPANY STATISTICS 96
TABLE 64 NUMBER OF ENTERPRISES IN PRODUCTION OF ABRASIVE PRODUCTS IN
EUROPE BY COUNTRY, 2008-2010 97
FIGURE 43 NUMBER OF ENTERPRISES IN PRODUCTION OF ABRASIVE PRODUCTS IN
EUROPE BY COUNTRY, 2008-2010 97
TABLE 65 FULL-TIME EQUIVALENT EMPLOYEE COUNT IN THE EUROPEAN ABRASIVE
INDUSTRY BY COUNTRY, 2008-2010 98
FIGURE 44 FULL-TIME EQUIVALENT EMPLOYEE COUNT IN THE EUROPEAN
ABRASIVE INDUSTRY BY COUNTRY, 2008-2010 99
TABLE 66 TOTAL TURNOVER IN THE EUROPEAN ABRASIVE INDUSTRY BY COUNTRY,
2008-2010 (MILLION EUROS) 100
TABLE 67 TOTAL VALUE OF PRODUCTION IN THE EUROPEAN ABRASIVE INDUSTRY
BY COUNTRY, THROUGH 2010 (MILLION EUROS) 101
TABLE 68 TOTAL VALUE ADDED IN THE EUROPEAN ABRASIVE INDUSTRY BY
COUNTRY, THROUGH 2010 (MILLION EUROS) 102
TABLE 69 TOTAL VALUE OF GOODS AND SERVICES PURCHASED IN THE EUROPEAN
ABRASIVE INDUSTRY BY COUNTRY, THROUGH 2010 (MILLION EUROS) 103
TABLE 70 SHARE OF PERSONNEL COSTS IN PRODUCTION IN EUROPEAN ABRASIVE
INDUSTRY BY COUNTRY, THROUGH 2010 (PERCENTAGES) 104

CHAPTER 7 TECHNOLOGY AND APPLICATIONS 106

TABLE 71 DENTAL POLISHING PASTE 106
TABLE 72 DRESSING STICK 106
TABLE 73 GRANITE POLISHING COMPOUND 107
TABLE 74 MARBLE POLISHING COMPOUND 107
TABLE 75 DIAMOND PASTE 107
TABLE 76 GRINDING WHEELS, METAL BONDED 107
TABLE 77 CUT OFF WHEELS, WAFERING BLADES, SILICON CARBIDE BASE 108
TABLE 78 GRINDING WHEELS, RESIN BONDED 108
TABLE 79 SPRAY DIAMOND 109
TABLE 80 SILICON CARBIDE ABRASIVE PAPER, STRIPS AND ROLLS 109
TABLE 81 EPOXY BONDED ABRASIVE DISCS 109
TABLE 82 MAGNESITE BONDED ABRASIVE DISCS 109
TABLE 83 RESIN BONDED ABRASIVE DISCS 110

CHAPTER 8 COMPANY PROFILES 112

3M - ABRASIVES SYSTEMS DIVISION 112
ACQUISITIONS 2006-CURRENT 113
WINTERTHUR TECHNOLOGY GROUP 114
Rappold 115
SlipNaxos 115
Wendt 115
COMPANY HISTORY 115
ESK CERAMICS GMBH 117
Company History 118
ABRA BETA S.P.A 119
ABRASIVE BLASTING SYSTEMS 119
ABRASIVE MATERIALS LLC. 120
ABRASIVE PRODUCTS PTY. LTD. 120
ABRASIVE TECHNOLOGY INC. 121
TECHNOLOGY 121
ACQUISITIONS AND GROWTH HISTORY 121
LOCATIONS 123
ALLEGHANY TECHNOLOGIES (ATI) 123
LOCATIONS 124
PRODUCT TECHNOLOGY 125
TABLE 84 PRODUCTS, GROWTH AREAS AND EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES
IDENTIFIED BY ALLEGHANY TECHNOLOGIES FOR ABRASIVE PRODUCTS, BY MARKET
SEGMENT 125
ABRASIVE PRODUCTS 126
ALLIED HIGH TECH PRODUCTS, INC. 127
ALPEX WHEEL COMPANY 127
ALTEO HOLDING (EX- RIO TINTO ALCAN) 127
PRODUCTS AND APPLICATIONS 128
COMPANY LOCATIONS 128
COMPANY HISTORY 129
TABLE 85 SPECIALTY ALUMINA PRODUCTION FOR RIO TINTO ALCAN BY LOCATION,
2008-2011 (THOUSAND METRIC TONNES) 130
FIGURE 45 SPECIALTY ALUMINA PRODUCTION FOR RIO TINTO ALCAN BY LOCATION,
2008-2011 (THOUSAND METRIC TONNES) 130
ALUCHEM, INC. 131
TABLE 86 APPLICATIONS FOR ALUCHEM'S PRODUCTS 131
COMPANY HISTORY 132
AMPLEX SUPERABRASIVES 133
ANCHOR ABRASIVES COMPANY 134
ARC ABRASIVES, INC. 134
TABLE 87 PRODUCT LIST OF ARC ABRASIVES 135
ASAHI DIAMOND INDUSTRIAL CO, LTD. 135
LOCATIONS AND SUBSIDIARIES 136
COMPANY FINANCIALS 136
TABLE 88 ASAHI DIAMOND ANNUAL REVENUES, 2003-2012 (BILLION YEN) 137
FIGURE 46 ASAHI DIAMOND ANNUAL REVENUES, 2003-2012 (BILLION YEN) 137
TABLE 89 ASAHI DIAMOND ANNUAL REVENUES BY REGION, THROUGH 2012
(BILLION YEN) 137
FIGURE 47 ASAHI DIAMOND ANNUAL REVENUES BY REGION, 2007-2012 (BILLION
YEN) 138
TABLE 90 ASAHI DIAMOND ANNUAL REVENUES BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2012
(BILLION YEN) 138
FIGURE 48 ASAHI DIAMOND ANNUAL REVENUES BY SEGMENT, 2008-2012 (BILLION
YEN) 138
ATLANTIC GMBH 139
AUGUST RUGGEBERG GMBH & CO. KG (PFERD) 139
LOCATIONS 140
BARNES HONING 140
BATES ABRASIVES 140
BATES TECHNOLOGIES, INC. 140
BETA DIAMOND PRODUCTS, INC. 140
BRUSH RESEARCH MANUFACTURING CO., INC. 141
BUEHLER LTD. 142
TABLE 91 PRODUCT LIST OF BUEHLER BY SEGMENT 142
COMPANY HISTORY 143
CAMEL GRINDING WHEELS (C.G.W) 144
CARBORUNDUM UNIVERSAL LTD. 144
COMPANY HISTORY 145
COMPANY FINANCIALS 146
TABLE 92 CARBORUNDUM SALES REVENUES BY SEGMENT, 2007-2012 (MILLION
INDIAN RUPEE) 146
FIGURE 49 CARBORUNDUM SALES REVENUES BY SEGMENT, 2007-2012 (MILLION
INDIAN RUPEE) 146
TABLE 93 CARBORUNDUM ABRASIVE GRAIN AND PRODUCTS PRODUCTION
CAPACITY AND PRODUCTION, 2008-2011 (MT AND MILLION SQ M) 147
FIGURE 50 CARBORUNDUM BONDED ABRASIVES AND ABRASIVE GRAIN
PRODUCTION CAPACITY AND PRODUCTION, 2008-2011 (METRIC TONNES) 147
FIGURE 51 CARBORUNDUM COATED ABRASIVES PRODUCTION CAPACITY AND
PRODUCTION, 2008-2011 (MILLION SQ M) 148
CERATIZIT 149
SUBSIDIARIES 149
PRODUCTS 149
CERAMETAL GROUP HISTORY 150
PLANSEETIZIT COMPANY HISTORY 150
CERATIZIT COMPANY HISTORY 151
CHEMPLEX INDUSTRIES, INC. 153
CHESAPEAKE SPECIALTY PRODUCTS, INC. 153
CRYSTAL ASSOCIATES, INC. 154
DANCO, INC. 154
DARMANN ABRASIVE PRODUCTS 154
COMPANY HISTORY 155
DIAREX GROUP 156
GRANQUARTZ L.P. 156
GRANQUARTZ (CANADA) 157
J. KONIG GMBH & CO. 157
Company History 158
The Beginning 158
Reconstruction and Economic Growth 158
Diarex 158
Konig Goes International 159
GEORG SCHMIEDER GMBH & CO 159
CDK STONE AUSTRALIA 159
DR. SCHULZE GMBH 160
DRONCO AG 160
EHWA DIAMOND 160
PRODUCTS 160
COMPANY HISTORY 161
ELECTRO ABRASIVES CORPORATION 163
COMPANY HISTORY 163
ELEMENT SIX US CORPORATION 165
TABLE 94 ELEMENT SIX PRODUCTS AND APPLICATIONS 166
COMPANY HISTORY 167
ELFUSA - CURIMBABA GROUP 170
ENGIS CORPORATION 171
PRODUCTS 171
ERVIN INDUSTRIES, INC. 172
ESK-SIC GMBH 173
FARECLA PRODUCTS LIMITED 174
COMPANY HISTORY 174
APPLICATIONS 176
PRODUCTS LIST 177
FERRO CORPORATION 177
PRODUCTS AND APPLICATIONS 178
Aluminum Oxide 178
Cerium Oxide 179
CMP 179
Grinding Fluids 179
Zirconium Oxide 180
Frits for the Grinding Wheel Industry 180
Special Glasses to Ceramically Bond Superabrasives 180
FROHN GMBH 181
COMPANY HISTORY 181
FUJIAN DUOLING STEEL GROUP 182
FUJIMI INCORPORATED 183
PRODUCTS AND APPLICATIONS 183
TABLE 95 FUJIMI PRODUCTS, BRANDS AND APPLICATIONS 183
LOCATIONS 184
COMPANY HISTORY 184
COMPANY FINANCIALS 187
TABLE 96 FUJIMI INC. COMPANY REVENUE, NET INCOME AND NUMBER OF
EMPLOYEES, 2008-2012 (MILLION YEN) 188
FIGURE 52 FUJIMI INC. COMPANY REVENUE, 2008-2012 (MILLION YEN) 188
TABLE 97 FUJIMI INC. COMPANY REVENUE BY SEGMENT, 2008-2012 (MILLION YEN) 188
FIGURE 53 FUJIMI INC. COMPANY REVENUE BY SEGMENT, 2008-2012 (MILLION YEN) 188
TABLE 98 FUJIMI INC. COMPANY REVENUE BY REGION, 2008-2012 (MILLION YEN) 189
FIGURE 54 FUJIMI INC. COMPANY REVENUE BY REGION, 2008-2012 (MILLION YEN) 189
HERMES SCHLEIFMITTEL GMBH & CO. KG 190
HERMES ABRASIVES LTD. 190
HERMES ABRASIVES (SHANGHAI) CO., LTD 190
Products 191
FINANCIALS 192
FIGURE 55 HERMES ABRASIVES REVENUES IN U.K., 2005-2012 (MILLION GBP) 193
HUDSON SUPPLY COMPANY 193
HUSQVARNA CONSTRUCTION PRODUCTS 193
TABLE 99 HUSQVARNA CONSTRUCTION SEGMENT REVENUES BY REGION,
2010-2012 (MILLION SWEDISH KRONA) 195
FIGURE 56 HUSQVARNA CONSTRUCTION SEGMENT REVENUES BY REGION,
2010-2012 (MILLION SWEDISH KRONA) 195
HYOSUNG D&P CO., LTD 195
HYOSUNG COMPANY FINANCIALS 196
TABLE 100 HYOSUNG COMPANY REVENUES, 2006-2011 (BILLION WONS) 196
FIGURE 57 HYOSUNG COMPANY REVENUES, 2006-2011 (BILLION WONS) 196
TABLE 101 HYOSUNG COMPANY EXPORTS, THROUGH 2011 ($ MILLIONS) 196
FIGURE 58 HYOSUNG COMPANY EXPORTS, 2006-2011 ($ MILLIONS) 197
ILARDUYA & CO (SIGMA STEEL ABRASIVES) 197
IMERYS 197
CREATION AND DEVELOPMENT OF THE MINERALS FOR ABRASIVES
BUSINESS 198
C-E MINERALS 199
Company History 199
Mulcoa 199
Teco 199
C-E Minerals Processing 200
C-E Minerals, Venezuela 200
China 200
Products for Refractory and Abrasive Industries 200
TREIBACHER SCHLEIFMITTEL GMBH 201
Products 201
TABLE 102 TREIBACHER SCHLEIFMITTEL PRODUCTS BY APPLICATION 202
Production and Sales Offices 202
IMERYS COMPANY FINANCIALS 203
TABLE 103 IMERYS COMPANY REVENUES FOR THE ABRASIVES SUBSEGMENT,
2007-2012 (MILLION EUROS) 203
FIGURE 59 IMERYS COMPANY REVENUES FOR THE ABRASIVES SUBSEGMENT,
2007-2012 (MILLION EUROS) 203
IMC GROUP OF COMPANIES 204
JET ABRASIVES 204
JSC LUGA ABRASIVE PLANT 205
COMPANY HISTORY 205
PRODUCTS 206
COMPANY FINANCIALS 206
TABLE 104 LUGA ABRASIVES REVENUES BY SEGMENT, 2007-2011 (MILLION
RUBLES) 206
FIGURE 60 LUGA ABRASIVES REVENUES BY SEGMENT, 2007-2011 (MILLION
RUBLES) 206
JUNKER GROUP 207
KARBOSAN 207
KC ABRASIVE COMPANY 208
PRODUCTS 208
KENNAMETAL INC. 209
KLAUS EICHE DIAMANTWERKZEUGE GMBH 209
KLINGSPOR ABRASIVES 209
COMPANY HISTORY 209
PRODUCTS 211
KOWA ABRASIVES KK 211
LAPMASTER INTERNATIONAL 212
LAPMASTER (SHENYANG) 212
LAPMASTER INTERNATIONAL GERMANY 213
Lapmaster India, Pvt. LTD 213
Lapmaster International Ltd 213
Barnes Honing and Bore Finishing 213
Bates Technologies 214
PRODUCTS 214
LECO CORPORATION 215
MATCHLESS METAL POLISH CO 215
MENZERNA POLISHING COMPOUNDS GMBH & CO. KG 216
COMPANY HISTORY 216
SEGMENTS 217
PRODUCTS 217
METALLKRAFT SINGAPORE PTE LTD 218
METALTEC STEEL ABRASIVE CO. 218
METALLTECHNIK SCHMIDT GMBH & CO. KG (FERRROSAD) 219
METLAB CORPORATION 219
MILACRON LLC 219
MIRKA LTD (KWH GROUP) 220
TABLE 105 MIRKA ABRASIVES REVENUES, 2003-2011 (MILLION EUROS) 220
FIGURE 61 MIRKA ABRASIVES REVENUES, 2003-2011 (MILLION EUROS) 221
TABLE 106 MIRKA ABRASIVES REVENUES BY REGION, THROUGH 2011 (MILLION
EUROS) 221
FIGURE 62 MIRKA ABRASIVES REVENUES BY REGION, 2007-2009 (MILLION EUROS) 222
NABALTEC AG 222
PRODUCTS 223
Polishing Aluminas 223
Friction Linings 223
Dental 224
COMPANY FINANCIALS 224
NAVARRO SIC SA 224
NIPPON RESIBON CORPORATION 224
COMPANY FINANCIALS 225
TABLE 107 NIPPON RESIBON COMPANY REVENUES, 2008-2013 (MILLION YEN) 225
FIGURE 63 NIPPON RESIBON COMPANY REVENUES, 2008-2013 (MILLION YEN) 225
TABLE 108 NIPPON RESIBON COMPANY PRODUCTION NUMBERS BY SEGMENT,
2004-2014 (MILLION PIECES) 226
FIGURE 64 NIPPON RESIBON COMPANY PRODUCTION NUMBERS BY SEGMENT,
2004-2014 (MILLION PIECES) 226
NORITAKE CO., LIMITED 227
PRODUCTS 228
COMPANY FINANCIALS 228
TABLE 109 NORITAKE COMPANY REVENUE FOR INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTS SEGMENT,
THROUGH 2012 ($ MILLIONS) 229
FIGURE 65 NORITAKE COMPANY REVENUE FOR INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTS SEGMENT,
2007-2012 ($ MILLIONS) 229
OMAX CORPORATION 229
ORIENT ABRASIVES 230
TABLE 110 ORIENT ABRASIVES, CAPACITY INSTALLED AND PRODUCTION OF FUSED
ALUMINUM OXIDE GRAINS, 2007-2011 (METRIC TONNES) 231
FIGURE 66 ORIENT ABRASIVES, CAPACITY INSTALLED AND PRODUCTION OF FUSED
ALUMINUM OXIDE GRAINS, 2007-2011 (METRIC TONNES) 231
TABLE 111 ORIENT ABRASIVES, CAPACITY INSTALLED AND PRODUCTION OF
CALCINED ALUMINUM OXIDE, 2007-2011 (METRIC TONNES) 232
FIGURE 67 ORIENT ABRASIVES, CAPACITY INSTALLED AND PRODUCTION OF
CALCINED ALUMINUM OXIDE, 2007-2011 (METRIC TONNES) 232
TABLE 112 ORIENT ABRASIVES, REVENUES BY PRODUCT, 2007-2011 (MILLION
INDIAN RUPEES) 232
FIGURE 68 ORIENT ABRASIVES, REVENUES BY PRODUCT, 2007-2011 (MILLION
INDIAN RUPEES) 233
PELLETS LLC 233
PRECISION SURFACES INTERNATIONAL 234
RED HILL CORP. 234
RHODIUS SCHLEIFWERKZEUGE GMBH & CO. KG 235
COMPANY FINANCIALS 235
RYAN INDUSTRIES 235
SAINT-GOBAIN ABRASIVES, INC. 236
RECENT ACQUISITIONS 236
HISTORY OF CARBORUNDUM 237
HISTORY OF WINTER 240
HISTORY OF NORTON 245
PRODUCTS 247
Bonded Abrasives 247
Coated Abrasives 247
Superabrasives 247
ABC WARREN SUPERABRASIVES 248
TABLE 113 ABC WARREN SUPERABRASIVES, COMPANY PRODUCTION CAPACITY,
MT AND CARATS 248
Thin Wheels 249
Construction Products 249
COMPANY FINANCIALS 249
TABLE 114 SAINT GOBAIN ABRASIVES, GLOBAL SALES BY REGION, 2007-2011
(MILLION EUROS) 250
FIGURE 69 SAINT GOBAIN ABRASIVES, GLOBAL SALES BY REGION, 2007-2011
(MILLION EUROS) 250
TABLE 115 SAINT GOBAIN ABRASIVES, SALES IN EUROPE BY COUNTRY, 2007-011
(MILLION EUROS) 250
FIGURE 70 SAINT GOBAIN ABRASIVES, SALES IN EUROPE BY COUNTRY, 2007-2011
(MILLION EUROS) (1 OF 2) 251
FIGURE 71 SAINT GOBAIN ABRASIVES, SALES IN EUROPE BY COUNTRY, 2007-2011
(MILLION EUROS) (2 OF 2) 251
TABLE 116 SAINT GOBAIN ABRASIVES, SALES IN AMERICAS BY COUNTRY,
2007-2011 (MILLION EUROS) 252
FIGURE 72 SAINT GOBAIN ABRASIVES, SALES IN AMERICAS BY COUNTRY,
2007-2011 (MILLION EUROS) 252
TABLE 117 SAINT GOBAIN ABRASIVES, SALES IN ASIA AND EAST BY COUNTRY,
2007-2011 (MILLION EUROS) 253
FIGURE 73 SAINT GOBAIN ABRASIVES, SALES IN AMERICAS BY COUNTRY,
2007-2011 (MILLION EUROS) 253
GRINDWELL NORTON LTD. 254
TABLE 118 GRINDWELL NORTON ABRASIVES, SALES IN INDIA BY SEGMENT,
2006-2011 (MILLION INDIAN RUPEES) 255
FIGURE 74 GRINDWELL NORTON ABRASIVES, SALES IN INDIA BY SEGMENT,
2006-2011 (MILLION INDIAN RUPEES) 255
TABLE 119 GRINDWELL NORTON ABRASIVES, VOLUME OF BUSINESS IN INDIA BY
SEGMENT, 2006-2011 (MT AND MILLION SQ M)Q 256
FIGURE 75 GRINDWELL NORTON ABRASIVES, VOLUME OF BUSINESS IN INDIA BY
SEGMENT, 2006-2011 (METRIC TONNES) 256
FIGURE 76 GRINDWELL NORTON COATED ABRASIVES, VOLUME OF BUSINESS IN
INDIA BY SEGMENT, 2006-2011 (MILLION SQ M) 256
Company History - Grindwell Norton 257
SAIT ABRASIVI S.P.A 260
PRODUCTS 260
UNITED ABRASIVES, INC. / SAIT 260
SAIT ABRASIVES UK 260
SAIT FRANCE 261
SAL ABRASIVE TECHNOLOGIES GROUP 261
SANDVIK AB. 261
DIAMOND INNOVATIONS 262
SELZER AUTOMOTIVES. (VULKAN INOX) 263
SIA ABRASIVES - PART OF BOSCH 264
COMPANY HISTORY 264
Early Years 264
Recent History 264
PRODUCTS AND MARKETS 265
Coated Abrasives 265
Nonwoven Abrasives 266
Foam Abrasives 266
Micro Abrasives 266
Bonded Abrasives 266
COMPANY STRUCTURE AND SUBSIDIARIES 267
COMPANY FINANCIALS 268
TABLE 120 SIA ABRASIVE REVENUES, THROUGH 2008 (MILLION SWISS FRANCS) 268
FIGURE 77 SIA ABRASIVE REVENUES, 2003-2008 (MILLION SWISS FRANCS) 268
TABLE 121 SIA ABRASIVES REVENUES BY SEGMENT, 2003-2007 (MILLION SWISS
FRANCS) 269
FIGURE 78 SIA ABRASIVES REVENUES BY SEGMENT, 2003-2007 (MILLION SWISS
FRANCS) 269
TABLE 122 SIA ABRASIVES REVENUE BY REGION, 2003-2007 (MILLION SWISS
FRANCS) 270
FIGURE 79 SIA ABRASIVES REVENUE BY GEOGRAHY, 2003-2007 (MILLION SWISS
FRANCS) 270
SIC PROCESSING GMBH 270
TECHNOLOGY 271
COMPANY HISTORY 271
COMPANY TIMELINE 272
COMPANY FINANCIALS 273
TABLE 123 SIC PROCESSING COMPANY REVENUES, 2006-2012 (MILLION EUROS) 273
FIGURE 80 SIC PROCESSING COMPANY REVENUES, 2006-2012 (MILLION EUROS) 273
TABLE 124 SIC SLURRY PROCESSING CAPACITY FOR SIC PROCESSING GMBH,
2007-2012 (THOUSAND METRIC TONNES) 274
FIGURE 81 SIC SLURRY PROCESSING CAPACITY FOR SIC PROCESSING GMBH,
2007-2012 (THOUSAND METRIC TONNES) 274
TABLE 125 SIC PROCESSING COMPANY REVENUES BY REGION, 2008-2011
(MILLION EUROS) 274
FIGURE 82 SIC PROCESSING COMPANY REVENUES BY GEOGRAPHICAL SEGMENTS,
2008-2011 (MILLION EUROS) 274
SINTOKOGIO 275
COMPANY FINANCIALS 276
TABLE 126 SINTOKOGIO ANNUAL REVENUES FOR THE SURFACE TREATMENT
SEGMENT, THROUGH 2012 (BILLION YEN) 276
FIGURE 83 SINTOKOGIO ANNUAL REVENUES FOR THE SURFACE TREATMENT
SEGMENT, 2010-2012 (BILLION YEN) 276
SL FUSCO 276
STARCKE GMBH & CO. KG 277
STRUERS, INC. 277
SUNNEN PRODUCTS COMPANY 278
LOCATIONS 278
SWATYCOMET 279
PRODUCTS 279
TBW INDUSTRIES, INC. 279
TOOL SPECIALTY CO. (TOSCO) 280
TYROLIT SCHLEIFMITTELWERKE SWAROVSKI K.G. 280
COMPANY HISTORY 281
UK ABRASIVES, INC. 282
PRODUCTS AND APPLICATIONS 282
ULTRA TEC MANUFACTURING, INC. 283
VERMONT ABRASIVES INC. 283
VOLZHSKY ABRASIVE WORKS 284
TABLE 127 VOLZHSKY ABRASIVES REVENUES BY SEGMENT, 2009 AND 2010
(MILLION RUBLES) 284
FIGURE 84 VOLZHSKY ABRASIVES REVENUES BY SEGMENT, 2009 AND 2010
(MILLION RUBLES) 284
WASHINGTON MILLS 285
WASHINGTON MILLS HISTORY 286
EXELON HISTORY 287
Orkla Exelon History 288
COMPANY MILESTONES 288
COMPANY LOCATIONS 289
BRAND NAMES 289
OPERATION DETAILS 290
Company Financials 291
TABLE 128 WASHINGTON MILLS ELECTROMINERALS, U.K., COMPANY REVENUES,
2001-2011 (£ MILLION GBP) 291
FIGURE 85 WASHINGTON MILLS ELECTROMINERALS, U.K., COMPANY REVENUES,
2001-2011 (MILLION GBP) 291
TABLE 129 EXOLON ESK FINANCIALS PRIOR TO MERGER, 1996-2000 ($ MILLIONS) 292
FIGURE 86 EXOLON ESK FINANCIALS PRIOR TO MERGER, 1996-2000 ($ MILLIONS) 292
WENDT INDIA 292
TABLE 130 WENDT INDIA REVENUES, DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN, 2003-2012
(MILLION INDIAN RUPEES) 293
FIGURE 87 WENDT INDIA REVENUES, DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN, 2003-2012
(MILLION INDIAN RUPEES) 294
TABLE 131 WENDT INDIA REVENUES BY PRODUCT SEGMENT, 2007-2012 (MILLION
INDIAN RUPEES) 294
FIGURE 88 WENDT INDIA REVENUES BY PRODUCT SEGMENT, 2007-2012 (MILLION
INDIAN RUPEES) 294
WHEELABRATOR GROUP - NORICAN GROUP 295
COMPANY HISTORY (WHEELABRATOR AND DISA) 296
ABRASIVE SUPPLIES 297
WORLDWIDE SUPERABRASIVES, LLC 298

LIST OF TABLES

SUMMARY TABLE GLOBAL ABRASIVE PRODUCTS AND MATERIALS MARKET OUTLOOK,
THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 8
TABLE 1 MOHS HARDNESS SCALE OF VARIOUS MINERALS 10
TABLE 2 MOHS HARDNESS LIST OF NATURAL AND SYNTHETIC MATERIALS 11
TABLE 3 FACTORS TO BE CONSIDERED WHEN CHOOSING AN ABRASIVE 12
TABLE 4 EFFECT OF PARTICLE SIZE IN SURFACE FINISH OF PROCESSED PART 13
TABLE 5 ABRASIVES USED AGAINST DIFFERENT MATERIALS 13
TABLE 6 SELECTIONS OF SUPERABRASIVES FOR VARIOUS SUBSTRATES 18
TABLE 7 CORE MATERIALS USED IN SUPERABRASIVE PRODUCTS 19
TABLE 8 BOND TYPES USED IN SUPERABRASIVE PRODUCTS 19
TABLE 9 MANUFACTURING STEPS FOR SUPERABRASIVE GRINDING WHEELS 19
TABLE 10 ABRASIVE TOOLS AND APPLICATION 20
TABLE 11 ABRASIVE MATERIALS FOR VARIOUS BLASTING APPLICATIONS 21
TABLE 12 BONDING MATERIALS USED IN CONVENTIONAL BONDED ABRASIVES 22
TABLE 13 STEPS IN CONVENTIONAL BONDED WHEEL MANUFACTURING 22
TABLE 14 TYPICAL COMPOSITION OF A COATED ABRASIVE 22
TABLE 15 LISTS OF TYPICAL PRODUCTS IN THE NONWOVEN ABRASIVE PRODUCTS
CATEGORY AND FEATURES 23
TABLE 16 TYPICAL ABRASIVES USED IN POLISHING 24
TABLE 17 PARAMETERS AFFECTING PROPERTIES OF POLISHING-GRADE ALUMINA 24
TABLE 18 ABRASIVE CHOICES FOR HONING OF VARIOUS MATERIALS 28
TABLE 19 APPLICATION LIST FOR HONING PROCESS, BY INDUSTRY 29
TABLE 20 ADVANCED MACHINING PROCESSES 32
TABLE 21 SPECIFIC ENERGY REQUIREMENTS FOR MACHINING OF VARIOUS
MATERIALS 32
TABLE 22 MAJOR COMPONENTS OF POLISHING AGENTS 34
TABLE 23 GLOBAL GDP BY COUNTRY, 2011 ($ MILLIONS) 37
TABLE 24 GLOBAL FUSED ALUMINUM OXIDE PRODUCTION CAPACITY, THROUGH
2017 (METRIC TONNES) 41
TABLE 25 HISTORIC FUSED ALUMINA PRODUCTION, 1995-2003 (THOUSAND METRIC
TONNES) 42
TABLE 26 GLOBAL FUSED ALUMINA PRODUCTION CAPACITY, BY MANUFACTURER AND LOCATION, TPA 43
TABLE 27 MAJOR GLOBAL MANUFACTURERS OF ABRASIVE ALUMINA WITH CAPACITY MORE THAN 100,000 TPA, 2011 44
TABLE 28 CHINA’S EXPORT QUOTA LIMITS FOR SILICON CARBIDE, 2001-2012 (THOUSAND METRIC TONNES) 45
TABLE 29 PV INSTALLATIONS WORLDWIDE, THROUGH 2017 (GIGAWATTS) 48
TABLE 30 GLOBAL SIC CAPACITY, EXPORT/IMPORT AND USAGE BY COUNTRY, 2010 (METRIC TONNES) 49
TABLE 31 GLOBAL SIC MICRO GRIT MANUFACTURING CAPACITY BY COMPANY, 2012
(METRIC TONNES) 51
TABLE 32 SILICON CARBIDE MOST RECENT PRODUCTION CAPACITY IN EUROPE AND REST OF THE WORLD (METRIC TONNES/YR) 53
TABLE 33 GLOBAL CRUDE SILICON CARBIDE PRODUCTION CAPACITY, THROUGH
2017 (METRIC TONNES) 54
TABLE 34 INDUSTRIAL-GRADE NATURAL DIAMOND WORLD PRODUCTION BY
COUNTRY, 2007-2011 (THOUSAND CARATS) 57
TABLE 35 INDUSTRIAL-GRADE NATURAL DIAMOND WORLD PRODUCTION BY
COUNTRY, 2007-2011 (MILLION CARATS) 58
TABLE 36 SYNTHETIC DIAMOND WORLD PRODUCTION BY COUNTRY, 2007-2011
(MILLION CARATS) 60
TABLE 37 DIAMOND COST PER CARAT IN THE U.S., THROUGH 2012 61
TABLE 38 SYNTHETIC DIAMOND GLOBAL MARKET SIZE, THROUGH 2017 ($ MILLIONS) 61
TABLE 39 GLOBAL ABRASIVE GRAINS MARKET, 2011 ($ MILLIONS) 64
TABLE 40 FUSED ALUMINUM OXIDE MARKET IN U.S., THROUGH 2017 (METRIC
TONNES) 66
TABLE 41 CRUDE AND REFINED ALUMINUM OXIDE IMPORT TO AND EXPORT FROM
U.S., THROUGH 2017 (METRIC TONNES) 67
TABLE 42 CRUDE AND REFINED ALUMINUM OXIDE IMPORT TO AND EXPORT FROM
U.S., THROUGH 2017

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Abrasive Materials, Products, Applications and Global Markets

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For more information:
Sarah Smith
Research Advisor at Reportbuyer.com
Email: query@reportbuyer.com
Tel: +44 208 816 85 48
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