Palm Harbor, FL, (PRWEB) October 10, 2013
Santilli's new chemical species of Hydrogen with a multiple of the specific weight of conventional Hydrogen, called MagneHydrogen, has been confirmed by the participants of the recent ICNAAM Conference in Greece. For details visit Sessions 44, 144 and 145 of the 2013 ICNAAM Conference.
Participants in the sessions discussed the new species of Hydrogen, which was discovered by the Italian-American Scientist R. M. Santilli in 2003. The new species consists of up to 99.8% pure Hydrogen, yet it has a multiple of the specific weight of conventional Hydrogen H2 = H-H. The new species was discovered via the clustering of Hydrogen atoms according to Santilli magnecular bond and, for that reason, it is known as Santilli MagneHydrogen (TM) and it is denoted with the chemical symbol MH. Hydrogen rich liquid wastes are gasified via Santilli PlasmaArcFlow (TM) Refineries resulting in MagneGas (MG) with a high content of MH which is separated via industrially available processes, such as Pressure Swing Adsorption (PSA) or Vacuum Swing Adsorption (VSA), Dr. I. B. Das Sarma said at the meeting (http://www.santilli-foundation.org/docs/MG-MH.ppt).
Following the original 2003 discovery, Santilli MagneHydrogen was first confirmed in 2011 by Dr. D. Day, President of the Eprida Laboratory in Atlanta, Georgia, as containing about 97% Hydrogen while having about 3.3 times the specific weight of conventional hydrogen. Additional systematic tests conducted via Gas Chromatographers with Thermal Conductivity Detection (GC-TCD) operated with column at 400 degrees Celsius showed that MH was pure H2, Dr. Y. Yang said at the ICNAAM Conference. Yet, when the specific weight of the same MH at ambient temperature was measured with sensitive scales, it showed a 30% increase of specific weight over that of H2 when MH was separated from MG via VSA processes with bigger values for PSA separation (http://www.santilli-foundation.org/docs/MagneHydrogen-2012.pdf).
MagneHydrogen avoids the liquefaction of conventional Hydrogen currently needed to reach sufficient range in automotive uses, according to Dr. I. B. Das Sarma. Natural Gas (NG) contains about 1,000 BTU/scf, while conventional Hydrogen contains about 300 BTU/scf. When MH has 3.3 times the specific weight of H2, its energy content is the same as that of NG, thus allowing the achievement of the needed automotive range with MH in a compressed form similar to that of NG. Additionally, MH is not expected to have seepage through container walls, thus allowing long term storage, according to Dr. I. B. Das Sarma’s research. (http://www.santilli-foundation.org/docs/MG-MH.ppt)
MagneHydrogen can be used in lieu of conventional Hydrogen to accelerate chemical reactions. MH is composed by clusters of H-atoms under a stable but weak bond. This novel composition permits individual H-atoms to be readily available for chemical reactions, with distinct advantages over the use of conventional H2 = H-H since the latter requires energy for its separation into individual H-atoms as a condition to react. Additionally, the H-atoms in MH have special magnetic polarizations that further facilitate and accelerate processes, Dr. C. Corda said at the ICNAAM Conference (http://www.i-b-r.org/docs/Fuels-Magnecular-StructureF.pdf).
“I developed the new species of MagneHydrogen for various reasons, and I was excited to share this knowledge with fellow attendees at the International Conference of Numerical Analysis and Applied Mathematics,” Dr. Santilli said. “Some of the reasons include: to establish the magnecular bond since the single electron of the Hydrogen atoms cannot explain clusters of several H-atoms; to support the expected new Hydrogen Era with a hydrogen species that reduces the oxygen and ozone depletion caused by conventional Hydrogen production and combustion; and to create the new class of Hydrogen rich fuels I called Hy-Gasoline (TM), Hy-Diesel (TM) and Hy-Coal (TM) which consist of conventional fossil fuels with magnecularly bonded MH, with the ensuing reduction of contaminants in the exhaust to such an expected extent to avoid the need of catalytic converters(http://magnegas.com/hy-fuels).
All intellectual rights in Santilli PlasmaArcFlow Refineries, MagneHydrogen and MagneGases, including patents patent applications filed by Dr. Santilli, trademarks, domain names, copyrights and know how, were acquired in 2007 by the U. S. public company founded by Dr. Santilli under the name of Magnegas Corporation whose stock is currently traded at NASDAQ under the symbol MNGA. For the intent of supporting the petroleum industry, Magnegas Corporation has developed GC-TCD, GC-MS/IRD, sensitive scales and other equipment specialized for the detection of MagneHydrogen, as well as VSA and PSA separation methods of MH from MG (visit(http://www.magnegas.com).
The R. M. Santilli Foundation