The Advanced Automotive Lighting Systems Report

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The past decade has seen a revolution in automotive lighting, a sector that not only includes visible lighting today, but also illumination through infrared sources as lighting and driver assistance systems combine.

The lighting industry as a whole has moved rapidly from simple incandescent and gas discharge based light sources to solid-state technology in the form of light emitting diodes (LED) and organic light emitting diodes (OLED).

Moving to solid-state light sources brings a number of clear advantages, not least a significant reduction in energy use. Illumination has accounted for a significant proportion of energy use and a 50% reduction by 2025 over 2005, through the move to solid-state light sources, which is a significant achievement largely led by the automotive sector. Within the automotive sector, solid-state light sources allow an overall reduction in CO2 emissions, and light sources have a significantly longer working lifetime. Beyond the LED and close to production OLED light sources that are being incorporated in vehicles today, new light sources in development include digital micro-mirror devices (DMD) and laser technology.

Key drivers
Contribution to CO2 output
Design freedom

Lighting Technology
Light sources
Xenon High Intensity Discharge (HID) systems
LED technology
Organic LED (OLED)
Laser technology

Optics technology
Lens optics
Reflector optics
Projector optics
Distributed Lighting Systems

Applications: Exterior
Daytime running lights (DRL)

Position lamps
Front position lamps
Rear position lamps
Fog lamps
Side-marker lamps
Turn signal lamps
Reversing lamps
Rear combination lamps
Centre high-mounted brake lamp
Licence plate lamps

Applications: Interior
Ingress/egress lighting
Instrument panel and switch lighting
Ambient lighting
Head-up display

Advanced lighting and vision systems
Mechanical Curve Adaptive Lighting (CAL)
Adaptive Front Lighting (AFL)

Active safety illumination
Progressive brake light warning system (PBLWS)
Vision Enhancement Systems (VES)
Future generation night vision systems

Supplier Profiles
Johnson Controls
Magneti Marelli
SABIC Innovative Plastics
SL Corporation
Stanley Electric
Varroc Group

Table of Figures

Figure 1: Audi A3 Characteristic front LED lighting module [Source: Audi]
Figure 2: Ambient mood lighting door strip [Source: Hella]
Figure 3: Lighting and communications technology roadmap [Source: GTB]
Figure 4: German accident statistics 2006 [Source: Mercedes-Benz]
Figure 5: Fatalities in dark road conditions - Europe [Source: EC/ CARE Database]
Figure 6: Differing beam patterns through adaptive front lighting system (AFS) [Source: Mercedes-Benz]
Figure 7: Average new car tested fuel economy by country / region 1990 – 2011 [Source: IEA]
Figure 8: Potential annual fuel cost savings ($) for vehicles equipped with LED lighting vs. traditional lighting with and without DRLs [Source: University of Michigan Transport Research Institute]
Figure 10: Illustration of Volvo’s V60 concept vehicle front light cluster [Source: Volvo]
Figure 9: Honda’s Acura MDX rear light cluster [Source: Honda]
Figure 11: The variety of functions and visual design opportunities available with LED lighting [Source: Audi]
Figure 12: Audi R8 all LED front light cluster [Source: Audi]
Figure 13: Xenon HID headlights combined with LED daytime running lights [Source: Audi]
Figure 14: Xenon HID headlights – Lexus RX 450h [Source: Lexus]
Figure 15: Active LED headlights Mercedes-Benz CL550 [Source: Daimler]
Figure 16: Combined Xenon HID and LED headlamps BMW 6 Series [Source: BMW]
Figure 17: Xenon versus halogen beam patters [Source: BMW/ IHS]
Figure 18: Audi A8 LED headlamp (DRL, low beam, high beam, turn) [Source: Audi]
Figure 19: Osram’s Joule LED module [Source: Osram]
Figure 20: Osram’s award winning ThinGaN LED [Source: Osram]
Figure 21: Citroen’s DS9 concept features a full LED system from Valeo [Source: Citroen]
Figure 22: The Audi S7 as featured in the 2012 US Super Bowl advert with full LED headlights [Source: Audi]
Figure 23: Ford’s latest generation Mondeo with full LED headlamps [Source: Ford]
Figure 24: Osram’s Olson Black Flat LED [Source: Osram]
Figure 25: Philips Luxeon Altilon LED for forward lighting [Source: Pilips Lumileds]
Figure 26: Ambient LED lighting [Source: Hella]
Figure 27: Audi R8 full LED module headlamp [Source: Audi]
Figure 28: Global penetration of LEDs in vehicle production [Source: Osram]
Figure 29: Audi prototype with OLED ‘covering’ [Source: Audi]
Figure 30: Epson’s OLED used for a dashboard application [Source: Epson]
Figure 31: OLED rear lighting prototype [Source: Osram]
Figure 32: OLED steering wheel prototype [Source: CARO]
Figure 33: Audi R18 AMOLED rear view display [Source: Audi]
Figure 34: The Smart Forvision with hybrid OLED roof panels [Source: Daimler]
Figure 35: Laser diode based headlight units [Source: BMW]
Figure 36: Typical sealed beam lens optics, side view. Light is dispersed vertically (shown) and laterally (not shown).
Figure 38: Typical reflector optics, side view
Figure 37: Typical projector optics, side view
Figure 39: Hella concept DLS optic fibre headlamp module [Source: Hella]
Figure 40: LED DRL [Source: Audi]
Figure 41: Reduced voltage low beam used as DRL [Source: Volkswagen]
Figure 42: Interior lighting variety
Figure 43: Interior OLED ambiance lighting in Smart’s Forvision prototype [Source: Daimler]
Figure 44: Light piping through moulded plastic pipes [Source: Hella]
Figure 45: Light piping highlights a floating island bezel in the 2013 Dodge Dart [Source: Sabic]
Figure 46: Innovative interior lighting for ambiance [Source: Johnson Controls]
Figure 47: GM head up display [Source: GM]
Figure 48: A schematic of a HUD system [Source: Continental]
Figure 49: Adaptive front lighting delivers increased safety [Source: Daimler]
Figure 50: An illustration of a curve adaptive lighting installation [Source: Ford]
Figure 51: Hella's swivelling light module.
Figure 52: Varroc’s Advanced Front Lighting System [Source: Visteon]
Figure 53: Mercedes-Benz Adaptive Dipped Beam system [Source: Daimler]
Figure 54: Partial main beam use with Mercedes-Benz’s Adaptive Main Beam. [Source: Daimler]
Figure 55: A schematic of Hella’s VARILIS system [Source: Hella]
Figure 57: Hella’s VarioX module
Figure 56: LED light cluster as used in the Lexus LS600h [Source: Koito Manufacturing/ Nikkei Electronics]
Figure 58: Advanced SmartBeam [Source: Gentex Corp.]
Figure 59: Advanced SmartBeam [Source: Gentex]
Figure 60: Gentex’s SmartBeam Dynamic Forward Lighting (DFL) view and mirror fitment [Source: Gentex]
Figure 61: Continental’s intelligent lighting controller [Source: Continental]
Figure 62: Advanced anti-glare control using LED for dynamic light functions [Source: Hella]
Figure 63: FLIR VES System [Source: FLIR]
Figure 64: Night View as fitted to the 2003 Lexus 470 [Source: Toyota]
Figure 65: Hella's active night vision system [Source: Hella]
Figure 66: BMW’s FLIR based VES system [Source:FLIR]
Figure 67: Mercedes-Benz Active Night View Assist [Source: Daimler]
Figure 68: Mercedes-Benz Active Night View Assist with Spotlight Function [Source: Daimler]
Figure 69: Oerlikon Optics active night vision system using its NightVision filter [Source: Oerlikon]
Figure 70: Night vision systems with pedestrian warning symbols [Source: Karlsruhe University]
Figure 71: Possible forms ofhird generation system warnings [Source: Karlsruhe University]

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The Advanced Automotive Lighting Systems Report

For more information:
Sarah Smith
Research Advisor at
Tel: +44 208 816 85 48

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