Syngas Market & Derivatives (Methanol, Ammonia, Hydrogen, Oxo Chemicals, N-Butanol, DME) by End Use Application, Feedstock, Technology & Gasifier Type - Forecast to 2018

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Reportbuyer.com just published a new market research report: Syngas Market & Derivatives (Methanol, Ammonia, Hydrogen, Oxo Chemicals, N-Butanol, DME) Market, by End Use Application, Feedstock, Technology, and Gasifier Type - Global Trends & Forecast to 2018.

The syngas and derivatives market is expected to grow at a CAGR of 8.7%, over the next five years to reach 117,400 MW thermal by 2018. Asia, with its thriving economies and rapidly expanding population, is expected to experience the highest consumption from 2013 to 2018.

The major driving factors of this market are the growing needs for chemicals, fuels, and electricity which can be generated simultaneously to meet the requirements of the increasing population. The other growth driver is the feedstock flexibility of syngas production process which means that it can be produced either from coal, natural gas, petroleum based products, or biomass/waste, the one which is easily available.

Upcoming opportunities such as development of underground coal gasification technology and utilization of stranded gas reserves show a promising growth for syngas production. This will lead to decreased dependency on crude oil for the production of various fuels such as gasoline and diesel.

Syngas and its derivatives have a large number of applications that range from fertilizers, chemical intermediates, solvents, water treatment chemicals, transportation fuels, and others. Ammonia, methanol, and hydrogen are the most important syngas derivatives. Ammonia, due to its nitrogen content, is an important source of nutrients for plant growth. The global demand for ammonium fertilizers is anticipated to grow at a CAGR of 2.7% during the next five years. Urea is the major fertilizer produced, accounting for over 50% of the overall ammonia consumption. Methanol can be used for the production of several derivatives such as formaldehyde, acetic acid, DME, and others. Through MTG process, it can be used for the production of gasoline, besides its increased application for fuel blending purposes in China.

The syngas and its derivatives market is analyzed in terms of consumption (MW thermal) for all major regions, namely Asia-Pacific, North America, Middle East & Africa, Europe, and South America. The consumption figures are further broken down by major countries in respective regions. Coal, natural gas, petroleum (petcoke and others), and biomass/waste are the four major feedstock utilized for the production of syngas. Syngas production technologies identified and included are steam reforming, partial oxidation, autothermal reforming, combined or two-step reforming, and biomass gasification. The market is also covered by the type of gasifier utilized for syngas production process. Syngas consumption for end use such as chemical, liquid fuel, power generation, and gaseous fuel is covered. Consumption figures (kilotons) for chemical derivatives such as methanol, ammonia, oxo chemicals, n-butanol, hydrogen, and DME have been broken down by major regions and applications.

For this report, various secondary sources such as encyclopedia, directories, technical handbooks, company annual reports, industry association publications, chemical magazine articles, world economic outlook, trade websites, and databases have been referred to identify and collect information useful for this extensive commercial study of the syngas and derivatives market. The primary sources - experts from related industries and suppliers – have been interviewed to obtain and verify critical information as well as to assess the future prospects and market estimations.

This report analyzes various marketing trends and establishes the most effective growth strategy in the market. It identifies market dynamics such as drivers, restraints, opportunities, burning issues, and winning imperatives. Major companies such as Agrium Inc. (Canada), Air Products and Chemicals, Inc. (U.S.), BASF SE (Germany), BioMCN (The Netherlands), CB&I (The Netherlands), CF Industries (U.S.), Foster Wheeler AG (Switzerland), General Electric Company (U.S.), Haldor Topsoe A.S. (Denmark), KBR Inc. (U.S.), KT-Kinetics Technology (Italy), L'Air Liquide SA (France), Linc Energy (Australia), Methanex Corporation (Canada), Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Group (Japan), OXEA Gmbh (Germany), Royal Dutch Shell PLC (The Netherlands), Sasol Ltd. (South Africa), Siemens AG (Germany), Syngas Technology (U.S.), Technip SA (France), The DOW Chemical Company (U.S.), The Linde Group (Germany), and Yara International ASA (Norway) have also been profiled in this report.

Scope of the report

On the basis of region:

Asia-Pacific
North America
Middle East & Africa
Europe
South America

On the basis of end uses:

Chemical (methanol, ammonia, oxo chemicals, n-butanol, hydrogen, and dimethyl ether)
Liquid fuels
Power generation
Gaseous fuels

On the basis of feedstock:

Coal
Natural Gas
Petroleum by-products
Biomass/Waste

On the basis of technology:

Steam Reforming
Partial Oxidation
Autothermal Reforming
Combined or Two-step Reforming
Biomass Gasification

On the basis of gasifier type:

Fixed (moving) bed
Entrained flow
Fluidized bed
Others

1 INTRODUCTION 27

1.1 KEY TAKE-AWAYS 27
1.2 REPORT DESCRIPTION 28
1.3 MARKETS COVERED 28
1.4 STAKEHOLDERS 30
1.5 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 30
1.5.1 MARKET SIZE 31
1.5.2 KEY DATA POINTS TAKEN FROM SECONDARY SOURCES 32
1.5.3 LIST OF SECONDARY DATA SOURCES 33
1.5.4 KEY DATA POINTS TAKEN FROM PRIMARY SOURCES 33
1.5.5 ASSUMPTIONS MADE FOR THIS REPORT 34

2 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 35

3 PREMIUM INSIGHTS 37

3.1 MARKET SEGMENTATION 37
3.2 CHEMICALS: THE LARGEST SYNGAS APPLICATION 38
3.3 BIOMASS GASIFICATION TECHNOLOGY GROWING RAPIDLY 39
3.4 COAL TO BE A MAJOR FEEDSTOCK FOR SYNGAS PRODUCTION 40
3.5 NEW GASIFIERS ANNOUNCED ARE EITHER COAL OR PETCOKE BASED 41
3.6 NORTH AMERICA: THE HIGHEST GROWING REGION 42
3.7 CHINA TO LEAD SYNGAS PRODUCTION BY 2018 43
3.8 MOST COMPANIES RELIED ON EXPANSION FOR GROWTH 44
3.9 KBR: THE DOMINANT PLAYER IN SYNGAS & DERIVATIVES MARKET 45

4 MARKET OVERVIEW 47

4.1 INTRODUCTION 48
4.2 VALUE CHAIN 50
4.3 BURNING ISSUE 52
4.3.1 ENVIRONMENTAL REGULATIONS DRIVING ADOPTION OF CLEAN COAL TECHNOLOGY 52
4.4 MARKET DYNAMICS 54
4.4.1 DRIVERS 54
4.4.1.1 Feedstock flexibility 55
4.4.1.2 Polygeneration driving combined production of chemicals, fuels, and power 56
4.4.1.3 Growing demand for electricity 58
4.4.2 RESTRAINTS 61
4.4.2.1 Considerable capital investment and funding required 61
4.4.3 OPPORTUNITIES 63
4.4.3.1 Reducing dependence on crude oil for chemicals and fuels 63
4.4.3.2 Opportunity to utilize stranded gas reserves 65
4.4.3.3 Development of underground coal gasification technology 66
4.5 WINNING IMPERATIVES 66
4.5.1 EXPANSION OF PRODUCTION CAPACITY & GEOGRAPHIC PRESENCE 66
4.5.2 BACKWARD INTEGRATION WITH RAW MATERIAL SUPPLIERS 68
4.6 PORTER’S FIVE FORCES ANALYSIS 69
4.6.1 DEGREE OF COMPETITION 70
4.6.2 SUPPLIERS’ POWER 70
4.6.3 BUYERS’ POWER 71
4.6.4 THREAT OF SUBSTITUTES 71
4.6.5 THREAT OF NEW ENTRANTS 72
4.7 MARKET SHARE ANALYSIS 73
4.7.1 SYNGAS 73
4.7.2 METHANOL 74
4.7.3 AMMONIA 75
4.7.4 BUTANOL 76

5 SYNGAS & DERIVATIVES, BY END USE 79

5.1 INTRODUCTION 80
5.1.1 DERIVATIVES SEGMENTATION 80
5.1.2 SYNGAS COMPOSITION FOR VARIOUS DERIVATIVES 81
5.2 MARKET ANALYSIS 83
5.2.1 SYNGAS MOST-USED FOR THE PRODUCTION OF BULK CHEMICALS 86
5.2.2 CHEMICALS MARKET 87
5.2.2.1 Introduction 87
5.2.2.2 Methanol 88
5.2.2.2.1 Introduction 88
5.2.2.2.2 General production process 89
5.2.2.2.3 Strategies adopted by companies 90
5.2.2.2.4 Asia-Pacific – Dominant methanol consumer 91
5.2.2.2.5 MTO/MTP processes to register huge growth 94
5.2.2.2.6 Methanol usage for fuel blending to increase significantly 99
5.2.2.2.7 Bio-methanol growth trends 100
5.2.2.3 Ammonia 102
5.2.2.3.1 Introduction 102
5.2.2.3.2 General production process 103
5.2.2.3.3 Strategies adopted by companies 104
5.2.2.3.4 High demand for fertilizers driving ammonia consumption in Asia-Pacific 105
5.2.2.3.5 Urea – Major ammonia derivative 108
5.2.2.4 Oxo Chemicals 110
5.2.2.4.1 Introduction 110
5.2.2.4.2 General production process 110
5.2.2.4.3 Strategies adopted by companies 111
5.2.2.4.4 Demand for oxo chemicals to increase globally 112
5.2.2.4.5 Major oxo chemical produced is N-Butyraldehyde 113
5.2.2.5 N-Butanol 114
5.2.2.5.1 Introduction 114
5.2.2.5.2 Asia-Pacific accounts for 50% of global butanol consumption 114
5.2.2.5.3 Acrylate derivatives leads butanol consumption 117
5.2.2.6 Dimethyl ether (DME) 119
5.2.2.6.1 Introduction 119
5.2.2.6.2 China accounts for over 90% of DME consumption 119
5.2.2.6.3 LPG blending application to drive DME consumption 121
5.2.2.7 Hydrogen 122
5.2.2.7.1 Introduction 122
5.2.2.7.2 Growth strategies by companies 123
5.2.2.7.3 Global hydrogen production scenario 124
5.2.2.7.4 Most of the hydrogen volume produced is for captive utilization 125
5.2.2.7.5 Used as feedstock for ammonia production and various refinery processes 127
5.2.3 LIQUID FUELS 128
5.2.3.1 Introduction 128
5.2.3.2 General production process 128
5.2.3.3 Major liquid fuel plants operating globally 129
5.2.3.4 Current market trends 130
5.2.4 POWER GENERATION 132
5.2.4.1 Introduction 132
5.2.4.2 General production process 132
5.2.4.3 Some of syngas based power generation plants operating globally 134
5.2.4.4 Current market trends 135
5.2.5 GASEOUS FUELS 137
5.2.5.1 Introduction 137
5.2.5.2 General production process 138
5.2.5.3 SNG price vs NG price 138
5.2.5.4 Current market trends 139

6 SYNGAS & DERIVATIVES MARKET, BY FEEDSTOCK 141

6.1 INTRODUCTION 142
6.2 MARKET ANALYSIS 143
6.2.1 COAL GASIFIERS TO DRIVE THE MARKET 145
6.2.2 INCREASE IN NUMBER OF COAL AND PETCOKE GASIFIERS 146
6.2.3 COAL 147
6.2.3.1 Overview 147
6.2.3.2 Abundant coal reserves to drive syngas production 148
6.2.4 PETROLEUM 148
6.2.4.1 Overview 148
6.2.4.2 Petcoke based gasifiers to fuel the market 149
6.2.5 NATURAL GAS 150
6.2.5.1 Overview 150
6.2.5.2 Focus on shale gas and stranded gas reserves 151
6.2.6 BIOMASS/WASTE 152
6.2.6.1 Overview 152
6.2.6.2 Focus on clean energy generation to drive the biomass/waste gasification market 154

7 SYNGAS & DERIVATIVES MARKET, BY PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY 155

7.1 INTRODUCTION 156
7.1.1 STEAM REFORMING 157
7.1.1.1 Advantages & disadvantages of steam reforming 157
7.1.2 PARTIAL OXIDATION 158
7.1.2.1 Advantages & disadvantages of partial oxidation 158
7.1.3 AUTOTHERMAL REFORMING 159
7.1.3.1 Advantages & disadvantages of autothermal reforming 159
7.1.4 COMBINED OR TWO-STEP REFORMING 160
7.1.4.1 Advantages & disadvantages of combined or two-step reforming 160
7.1.5 BIOMASS GASIFICATION 160
7.2 MARKET ANALYSIS 161
7.2.1 BIOMASS GASIFICATION TECHNOLOGY TO HAVE THE HIGHEST GROWTH RATE 163

8 SYNGAS & DERIVATIVES MARKET, BY GASIFIER TYPES 164

8.1 INTRODUCTION 165
8.1.1 FIXED (MOVING) BED GASIFIER 166
8.1.1.1 Advantages & disadvantages of fixed (moving) bed gasifiers 167
8.1.2 ENTRAINED FLOW GASIFIER 169
8.1.2.1 Advantages & disadvantages of entrained flow gasifiers 170
8.1.3 FLUIDIZED BED GASIFIER 172
8.1.3.1 Advantages & disadvantages of fluidized bed gasifiers 173
8.1.4 OTHER TYPES OF GASIFIERS 174
8.1.4.1 Advanced coal gasifier 174
8.1.4.2 Plasma arc gasifier 175
8.1.4.3 Black liquor gasifier 175
8.1.5 COMPARISON OF DIFFERENT TYPES OF GASIFIERS 176
8.2 MARKET ANALYSIS 178
8.2.1 ENTRAINED FLOW GASIFIERS TO DOMINATE THE GASIFICATION INDUSTRY 180

9 SYNGAS & DERIVATIVES MARKET, BY GEOGRAPHY 181

9.1 INTRODUCTION 182
9.2 MARKET ANALYSIS 183
9.2.1 ASIA-PACIFIC TO DRIVE THE GLOBAL SYNGAS & DERIVATIVES MARKET 185
9.2.2 ASIA-PACIFIC 186
9.2.2.1 Introduction 186
9.2.2.2 High coal reserves hold tremendous potential 187
9.2.2.3 Demand for chemicals to drive the gasification market 188
9.2.2.4 Country level analysis 189
9.2.2.4.1 China 189
9.2.2.4.2 Australia 191
9.2.2.4.3 South Korea 192
9.2.2.4.4 Rest of Asia-Pacific 193
9.2.3 MIDDLE EAST & AFRICA 194
9.2.3.1 Introduction 194
9.2.3.2 The Middle East has cheap and readily available natural gas 195
9.2.3.3 Syngas generated used mainly for liquid fuels production 196
9.2.3.4 Country level analysis 197
9.2.3.4.1 Qatar 198
9.2.3.4.2 South Africa 199
9.2.3.4.3 Rest of Middle East & Africa 200
9.2.4 EUROPE 201
9.2.4.1 Introduction 201
9.2.4.2 Petroleum based feedstock mainly in use 202
9.2.4.3 Power generation drives the European gasification market 203
9.2.4.4 Country level analysis 204
9.2.4.4.1 Germany 205
9.2.4.4.2 Italy 206
9.2.4.4.3 The Netherlands 207
9.2.4.4.4 U.K. 208
9.2.4.4.5 Rest of European countries 209
9.2.5 NORTH AMERICA 211
9.2.5.1 Introduction 211
9.2.5.2 Coal and shale gas reserves created ample syngas generation opportunities 212
9.2.5.3 North America focuses on IGCC plants 213
9.2.5.4 Country level analysis 214
9.2.5.4.1 U.S. 215
9.2.5.4.2 Canada 216
9.2.6 SOUTH AMERICA 218
9.2.6.1 Introduction 218
9.2.6.2 Mostly petroleum based plants operating in the region 219
9.2.6.3 Syngas mostly used for the generation of chemicals 220
9.2.6.4 Country level analysis 221
9.2.6.4.1 Brazil 221

10 COMPETITIVE LANDSCAPE 222

10.1 COMPANY ANALYSIS 223
10.1.1 COMPANY ANALYSIS, BY PRODUCTS 224
10.1.2 COMPANY PRESENCE, BY REGION 226
10.2 STRATEGIC DEVELOPMENTS 228
10.2.1 MAXIMUM DEVELOPMENTS IN 2012 231
10.2.2 EUROPE & ASIA-PACIFIC ACCOUNTING FOR OVER 60% OF DEVELOPMENTS 232
10.2.3 MARKET DEVELOPMENTS, BY END PRODUCTS 233
10.2.4 GROWTH STRATEGIES OF FIVE MOST ACTIVE COMPANIES 234
10.2.5 SUPPLY CONTRACT 235
10.2.6 EXPANSION: MOST POPOLUAR GROWTH STRATEGY 237
10.2.7 PARTNERSHIP/COLLABORATION 239
10.2.8 ACQUISITION 241
10.2.9 NEW PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT 243
10.2.10 OTHER MARKET DEVELOPMENTS 245

11 COMPANY PROFILES 247 (Overview, Financials, Products & Services, Strategy, and Developments)*

11.1 AGRIUM INC. 247
11.2 AIR PRODUCTS AND CHEMICALS, INC. 253
11.3 BASF SE 258
11.4 BIOMETHANOL CHEMIE NEDERLAND B.V. 261
11.5 CB&I 264
11.6 CF INDUSTRIES HOLDINGS INC. 268
11.7 FOSTER WHEELER AG 274
11.8 GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY 280
11.9 HALDOR TOPSOE A.S. 285
11.10 KBR INC. 291
11.11 KT – KINETICS TECHNOLOGY 298
11.12 L’AIR LIQUIDE SA 300
11.13 LINC ENERGY LIMITED 308
11.14 METHANEX CORPORATION 312
11.15 MITSUBISHI HEAVY INDUSTRIES GROUP (MHI GROUP) 317
11.16 OXEA GMBH 321
11.17 ROYAL DUTCH SHELL PLC 324
11.18 SASOL LIMITED 328
11.19 SIEMENS AG 331
11.20 SYNGAS TECHNOLOGY LLC 336
11.21 TECHNIP SA 338
11.22 THE DOW CHEMICAL COMPANY 344
11.23 THE LINDE GROUP 348
11.24 YARA INTERNATIONAL ASA 354
*Details on overview, financials, product & services, strategy, and developments might not be captured in case of unlisted companies.

APPENDIX 361

LIST OF TABLES

TABLE 1 GLOBAL SYNGAS PRODUCTION: 2011-2018 48
TABLE 2 WATER USAGE, BY PLANT TYPES 53
TABLE 3 FEEDSTOCK ANALYSIS FOR SYNGAS PRODUCTION 55
TABLE 4 TOP 10 COUNTRIES, BY ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION, 2012 59
TABLE 5 CRUDE OIL CONSUMPTION, BY COUNTRIES,
2012 (THOUSAND BARRELS PER DAY) 64
TABLE 6 SYNGAS & ITS DERIVATIVES MARKET: GROWTH STRATEGY, BY MAJOR PLAYERS 67
TABLE 7 TYPICAL SYNGAS COMPOSITION 81
TABLE 8 DESIRABLE SYNGAS COMPOSITION, BY END USE 82
TABLE 9 SYNGAS: TOP 2 GROWTH STRATEGIES BY COMPANIES 84
TABLE 10 SYNGAS: CONSUMPTION, BY END USE, 2011 – 2018 (MW THERMAL) 86
TABLE 11 CHEMICALS: SYNGAS CONSUMPTION, BY GEOGRAPHY,
2011 - 2018 (MW THERMAL) 88
TABLE 12 METHANOL: GENERAL PROPERTIES 89
TABLE 13 METHANOL: TOP 2 GROWTH STRATEGIES, BY COMPANIES 90
TABLE 14 METHANOL MARKET: CONSUMPTION, BY GEOGRAPHY,
2011 - 2018 (KT) 91
TABLE 15 METHANOL MARKET: SPOT PRICE, BY GEOGRAPHY,
2011 - 2018 ($/TON) 92
TABLE 16 METHANOL MARKET: REVENUE, BY GEOGRAPHY,
2011 - 2018 ($MILLION) 93
TABLE 17 METHANOL MARKET: CONSUMPTION, BY DERIVATIVES,
2011 - 2018 (KT) 95
TABLE 18 METHANOL MARKET: REVENUE, BY DERIVATIVES,
2011 - 2018 ($MILLION) 97
TABLE 19 MTO/MTP PLANT ANNOUNCEMENT IN CHINA 98
TABLE 20 METHANOL MARKET: CONSUMPTION, BY APPLICATIONS,
2011 - 2018 (KT) 99
TABLE 21 METHANOL MARKET: REVENUE, BY APPLICATIONS,
2011 - 2018 ($MILLION) 100
TABLE 22 BIO-METHANOL PRODUCTION CAPACITY, BY COMPANY,
2011 - 2013 (KT) 101
TABLE 23 BIO-METHANOL MARKET: PRODUCTION VOLUME & REVENUE,
2011 - 2018 (KT & $MILLION) 102
TABLE 24 AMMONIA: GENERAL PROPERTIES 103
TABLE 25 AMMONIA/FERTILIZER: TOP 2 GROWTH STRATEGIES BY COMPANIES 104
TABLE 26 AMMONIA MARKET: CONSUMPTION, BY GEOGRAPHY, 2011 - 2018 (KT) 105
TABLE 27 AMMONIA SPOT PRICE: BY GEOGRAPHY, 2011 - 2018 ($/TON) 106
TABLE 28 AMMONIA MARKET: REVENUE, BY GEOGRAPHY,
2011 - 2018 ($MILLION) 107
TABLE 29 AMMONIA MARKET: CONSUMPTION, BY DERIVATIVES,
2011 - 2018 (KT) 108
TABLE 30 AMMONIA MARKET: REVENUE, BY DERIVATIVES,
2011 - 2018 ($MILLION) 109
TABLE 31 OXO CHEMICALS: TOP 2 GROWTH STRATEGIES BY COMPANIES 111
TABLE 32 OXO CHEMICAL MARKET: CONSUMPTION, BY GEOGRAPHY,
2011 - 2018 (KT) 112
TABLE 33 OXO CHEMICAL MARKET: PRODUCTION, BY TYPES, 2011 - 2018 (KT) 113
TABLE 34 N-BUTANOL MARKET: CONSUMPTION, BY GEOGRAPHY,
2011 - 2018 (KT) 115
TABLE 35 N-BUTANOL MARKET: PRICES ($/TON), 2011 – 2018 116
TABLE 36 N-BUTANOL MARKET: REVENUE, BY GEOGRAPHY,
2011 - 2018 ($MILLION) 116
TABLE 37 N-BUTANOL MARKET: CONSUMPTION, BY APPLICATIONS,
2011 - 2018 (KT) 117
TABLE 38 N-BUTANOL MARKET: REVENUE, BY APPLICATIONS, 2011 - 2018 (KT) 118
TABLE 39 DME MARKET: CONSUMPTION, BY COUNTRIES, 2011 - 2018 (KT) 120
TABLE 40 DME MARKET: CONSUMPTION, BY APPLICATIONS, 2011 -2018 (KT) 121
TABLE 41 HYDROGEN: TOP 2 GROWTH STRATEGIES 123
TABLE 42 HYDROGEN MARKET: CONSUMPTION, BY GEOGRAPHY,
2011 - 2018 (KT) 124
TABLE 43 HYDROGEN MARKET: REVENUE, BY GEOGRAPHY, 2011 - 2018 (KT) 125
TABLE 44 HYDROGEN MARKET: PRODUCTION, BY CAPTIVE & MERCHANT TYPES, 2011 - 2018 (KT) 126
TABLE 45 HYDROGEN MARKET: REVENUE, BY CAPTIVE & MERCHANT TYPES,
2011 - 2018 ($MILLION) 126
TABLE 46 HYDROGEN MARKET: CONSUMPTION, BY APPLICATIONS,
2011 - 2018 (KT) 127
TABLE 47 HYDROGEN MARKET: REVENUE, BY APPLICATIONS, 2011 - 2018 (KT) 128
TABLE 48 MAJOR GTL & CTL PLANTS OPERATING GLOBALLY 129
TABLE 49 LIQUID FUELS: SYNGAS CONSUMPTION, BY GEOGRAPHY,
2011 - 2018 (MW THERMAL) 131
TABLE 50 IGCC PLANT OPERATING GLOBALLY 134
TABLE 51 POWER GENERATION: SYNGAS CONSUMPTION, BY GEOGRAPHY,
2011 - 2018 (MW THERMAL) 136
TABLE 52 GREAT PLAINS SYNFUELS PLANT 137
TABLE 53 GASEOUS FUELS: SYNGAS CONSUMPTION, BY GEOGRAPHY,
2011 - 2018 (MW THERMAL) 140
TABLE 54 SYNGAS PRODUCTION, BY FEEDSTOCK, 2011-2018 (MW THERMAL) 145
TABLE 55 SYNGAS GASIFIER: BY FEEDSTOCK, 2011-2018 146
TABLE 56 COAL BASED SYNGAS: PRODUCTION, BY REGIONS,
2011 – 2018 (MW THERMAL) 148
TABLE 57 PETROLEUM BASED SYNGAS: PRODUCTION, BY REGIONS,
2011-2018 (MW THERMAL) 149
TABLE 58 GAS BASED SYNGAS: PRODUCTION, BY REGIONS,
2011-2018 (MW THERMAL) 151
TABLE 59 SYNGAS COMPOSITION, BY VARIOUS RENEWABLE FEEDSTOCK 153
TABLE 60 BIOMASS/WASTE BASED SYNGAS: PRODUCTION, BY REGIONS,
2011-2018 (MW THERMAL) 154
TABLE 61 STEAM REFORMING: ADVANTAGES & DISADVANTAGES 157
TABLE 62 PARTIAL OXIDATION: ADVANTAGES & DISADVANTAGES 158
TABLE 63 AUTOTHERMAL REFORMING: ADVANTAGES & DISADVANTAGES 159
TABLE 64 COMBINED OR TWO STEP REFORMING: ADVANTAGES & DISADVANTAGES 160
TABLE 65 SYNGAS PRODUCTION, BY TECHNOLOGIES,
2011 – 2018 (MW THERMAL) 163
TABLE 66 FIXED (MOVING) BED GASIFIERS: ADVANTAGES & LIMITATIONS 167
TABLE 67 PLANTS UTILIZING FIXED (MOVING) BED GASIFIER 168
TABLE 68 ENTRAINED FLOW GASIFIERS: ADVANTAGES & LIMITATIONS 170
TABLE 69 PLANTS UTILIZING ENTRAINED FLOW GASIFIER 171
TABLE 70 FLUIDIZED BED GASIFIERS: ADVANTAGES & LIMITATIONS 173
TABLE 71 PLANT UTILIZING FLUIDIZED BED GASIFIER 174
TABLE 72 GASIFICATION PROCESS COMPARISON, BY TYPES 176
TABLE 73 SYNGAS PRODUCTION, BY GASIFIER TYPES,
2011 – 2018 (MW THERMAL) 180
TABLE 74 SYNGAS & DERIVATIVES MARKET: PRODUCTION, BY GEOGRAPHY,
2011 - 2018 (MW THERMAL) 185
TABLE 75 ASIA-PACIFIC: SYNGAS & DERIVATIVES PRODUCTION, BY FEEDSTOCK, 2011 - 2018 (MW THERMAL) 187
TABLE 76 ASIA-PACIFIC: SYNGAS & DERIVATIVES CONSUMPTION, BY END USE, 2011 - 2018 (MW THERMAL) 188
TABLE 77 CHINA: SYNGAS & DERIVATIVES PRODUCTION, 2011 - 2018 190
TABLE 78 AUSTRALIA: SYNGAS & DERIVATIVES PRODUCTION, 2011 – 2018 191
TABLE 79 SOUTH KOREA: SYNGAS & DERIVATIVES PRODUCTION, 2011 – 2018 192
TABLE 80 REST OF ASIA-PACIFIC: SYNGAS & DERIVATIVES PRODUCTION,
2011 – 2018 194
TABLE 81 MIDDLE EAST & AFRICA: SYNGAS & DERIVATIVES PRODUCTION,
BY FEEDSTOCK, 2011 - 2018 (MW THERMAL) 195
TABLE 82 MIDDLE EAST & AFRICA: SYNGAS & DERIVATIVES CONSUMPTION,
BY END USE, 2011 - 2018 (MW THERMAL) 196
TABLE 83 QATAR: SYNGAS & DERIVATIVES MARKET PRODUCTION, 2011 – 2018 198
TABLE 84 SOUTH AFRICA: SYNGAS & DERIVATIVES PRODUCTION, 2011 – 2013 199
TABLE 85 REST OF MIDDLE EAST & AFRICA: SYNGAS & DERIVATIVES PRODUCTION, 2011 – 2018 200
TABLE 86 EUROPE: SYNGAS & DERIVATIVES PRODUCTION, BY FEEDSTOCK,
2011 - 2018 (MW THERMAL) 202
TABLE 87 EUROPE: SYNGAS & DERIVATIVES CONSUMPTION, BY END USE,
2011 - 2018 (MW THERMAL) 203
TABLE 88 GERMANY: SYNGAS & DERIVATIVES PRODUCTION, 2011 – 2018 206
TABLE 89 ITALY: SYNGAS & DERIVATIVES PRODUCTION, 2011 – 2018 207
TABLE 90 THE NETHERLANDS: SYNGAS & DERIVATIVES PRODUCTION,
2011 – 2018 208
TABLE 91 U.K.: SYNGAS & DERIVATIVES PRODUCTION, 2011 – 2018 209
TABLE 92 REST OF EUROPE: SYNGAS & DERIVATIVES PRODUCTION, 2011 - 2018 210
TABLE 93 NORTH AMERICA: SYNGAS & DERIVATIVES PRODUCTION,
BY FEEDSTOCK, 2011 - 2018 (MW THERMAL) 212
TABLE 94 NORTH AMERICA: SYNGAS & DERIVATIVES CONSUMPTION,
BY END USE, 2011 - 2018 (MW THERMAL) 213
TABLE 95 U.S.: SYNGAS & DERIVATIVES PRODUCTION, 2011 – 2018 216
TABLE 96 CANADA: SYNGAS & DERIVATIVES PRODUCTION, 2011 – 2018 217
TABLE 97 SOUTH AMERICA: SYNGAS & DERIVATIVES PRODUCTION,
BY FEEDSTOCK, 2011 - 2018 (MW THERMAL) 219
TABLE 98 SOUTH AMERICA: SYNGAS & DERIVATIVES CONSUMPTION, BY TYPES, 2011 - 2018 (MW THERMAL) 220
TABLE 99 BRAZIL: SYNGAS & DERIVATIVES PRODUCTION, 2011 - 2018 221
TABLE 100 COMPANY ANALYSIS, BY PRODUCTS 224
TABLE 101 COMPANY ANALYSIS, BY REGION 226
TABLE 102 SUPPLY CONTRACT, MOST RECENT 236
TABLE 103 EXPANSION, MOST RECENT 238
TABLE 104 PARTNERSHIP/COLLABORATION, MOST RECENT 240
TABLE 105 ACQUISITION, MOST RECENT 242
TABLE 106 NEW PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT, MOST RECENT 244
TABLE 107 OTHER DEVELOPMENTS, MOST RECENT 246
TABLE 108 AGRIUM: AMMONIA PRODUCTION CAPACITY 248
TABLE 109 AGRIUM: PRODUCTS, COMPOSITION, & ITS APPLICATIONS 249
TABLE 110 AGRIUM: TOTAL REVENUE, BY BUSINESS SEGMENTS,
2011 - 2012 ($MILLION) 250
TABLE 111 AIR PRODUCTS AND CHEMICALS: TOTAL REVENUE, BY BUSINESS SEGMENT, 2011 - 2012 ($MILLION) 254
TABLE 112 BASF: ANNUAL REVENUE, BY BUSINESS SEGMENTS,
2011 – 2012 ($MILLION) 259
TABLE 113 CB&I: PRODUCTS AND THEIR APPLICATIONS 265
TABLE 114 CB&I: ANNUAL REVENUE, BY BUSINESS SEGMENTS,
2011 – 2012 ($MILLION) 266
TABLE 115 CF INDUSTRIES: AMMONIA AND OTHER NITROGEN PRODUCT CAPACITY, 2012 ( ‘000 TONS) 269
TABLE 116 CF INDUSTRIES: PRODUCTS, COMPOSITION, & APPLICATIONS 270
TABLE 117 PHOSPHATE SEGMENT: ANNUAL REVENUE, BY SEGMENTS,
2011 – 2012 ($MILLION) 271
TABLE 118 FOSTER WHEELER: BUSINESS SEGMENT, PRODUCT & SPECIFICATION 275
TABLE 119 FOSTER WHEELER AG: REVENUE, BY BUSINESS SEGMENT,
2011 - 2012 ($MILLION) 276
TABLE 120 GE: PRODUCTS & SPECIFICATIONS 281
TABLE 121 GE ENERGY: REVENUE, BY BUSINESS SEGMENT,
2011 - 2012 ($MILLION) 282
TABLE 122 HALDOR TOPSOE: TECHNOLOGY AND DESCRIPTION 285
TABLE 123 HALDOR TOPSOE: REVENUE, BY BUSINESS SEGMENT,
2011 - 2012 ($MILLION) 287
TABLE 124 KBR: PRODUCTS & SPECIFICATIONS 292
TABLE 125 KBR: REVENUE, BY BUSINESS SEGMENT, 2011 - 2012 ($MILLION) 293
TABLE 126 KBR: REVENUE, BY HYDROCARBONS SEGMENT,
2011 - 2012 ($MILLION) 294
TABLE 127 AIR LIQUIDE: SYNGAS PRODUCTS & SPECIFICATIONS 301
TABLE 128 AIR LIQUIDE: METHANOL PRODUCTS & SPECIFICATIONS 302
TABLE 129 AIR LIQUIDE: OTHER PRODUCTS & SPECIFICATIONS 302
TABLE 130 AIR LIQUIDE: TOTAL REVENUE, BY BUSINESS SEGMENTS,
2011 - 2012 ($MILLION) 303
TABLE 131 LINC ENERGY: UCG PROJECTS 308
TABLE 132 LINC ENERGY: PRODUCTS & SERVICES 309
TABLE 133 LINC ENERGY: REVENUE, 2011 - 2012 ($MILLION) 310
TABLE 134 METHANEX: METHANOL PRODUCTION, 2011 - 2012 (‘000 TONS) 313
TABLE 135 METHANEX: REVENUE, BY GEOGRAPHY, 2011 - 2012 ($MILLION) 314
TABLE 136 MHI: REVENUE, 2011 - 2012 (BILLION YEN AND $MILLION) 318
TABLE 137 SHELL SYNGAS TECHNOLOGY 325
TABLE 138 SHELL: SYNGAS PRODUCTS & SPECIFICATIONS 325
TABLE 139 ROYAL DUTCH SHELL PLC: ANNUAL REVENUE, BY BUSINESS SEGMENTS, 2011 – 2012 ($MILLION) 326
TABLE 140 SASOL: ANNUAL REVENUE, BY BUSINESS SEGMENTS,
2010 - 2011 ($MILLION) 329
TABLE 141 SIEMENS: PRODUCTS & SERVICES, FOR FOSSIL POWER GENERATION 332
TABLE 142 SIEMENS: REVENUE, BY ENERGY SEGMENT, 2011 - 2012 ($MILLIONS) 333
TABLE 143 TECHNIP: PRODUCT & SEPCIFICATION 339
TABLE 144 TECHNIP: REVENUE, BY BUSINESS SEGMENT, 2011 - 2012 ($MILLION) 339
TABLE 145 DOW: ANNUAL REVENUE, BY BUSINESS SEGMENTS,
2011 – 2012 ($MILLION) 345
TABLE 146 THE LINDE GROUP: REVENUE, BY BUSINESS SEGMENTS,
2011 - 2012 ($MILLIONS) 349
TABLE 147 YARA: AMMONIA & UREA, PRODUCTION CAPACITY (MILLION METRIC TONS) 355
TABLE 148 YARA: PRODUCTS, COMPOSITION, & APPLICATIONS 356
TABLE 149 YARA: MARKET REVENUE, BY PRODUCTS, 2011 – 2012 ($MILLION) 357
TABLE 150 YARA: MARKET REVENUE, BY REGIONS, 2011 – 2012 ($MILLION) 358
TABLE 151 SUPPLY CONTRACT, 2010 – 2013 361
TABLE 152 EXPANSION, 2010 – 2013 370
TABLE 153 PARTNERSHIP/COLLABORATION, 2010 – 2013 374
TABLE 154 ACQUISITION, 2010 – 2013 378
TABLE 155 NEW PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT, 2010 – 2011 380
TABLE 156 OTHER DEVELOPMENTS, 2010 – 2013 381

LIST OF FIGURES

FIGURE 1 SYNGAS: MARKET SHARE, BY GEOGRAPHY, FEEDSTOCK, END USE, TECHNOLOGY, & GASIFIER TYPE, 2012 (MW THERMAL) 35
FIGURE 2 SYNGAS & DERIVATIVES: MARKET SEGMENTATION 37
FIGURE 3 SYNGAS & DERIVATIVES: GROWTH MATRIX, BY END USE 38
FIGURE 4 SYNGAS & DERIVATIVES: GROWTH MATRIX, BY TECHNOLOGIES 39
FIGURE 5 SYNGAS & DERIVATIVES: PRODUCTION, BY FEEDSTOCK 40
FIGURE 6 GASIFIERS: BY FEEDSTOCK3 41
FIGURE 7 SYNGAS & DERIVATIVES: LIFE CYCLE, BY REGIONS 42
FIGURE 8 SYNGAS & DERIVATIVES: PRODUCTION, BY REGIONS & COUNTRIES, 2018 (MW THERMAL) 43
FIGURE 9 COMPETITIVE DEVELOPMENTS, BY TYPES, 2010–2013 44
FIGURE 10 GROWTH STRATEGIES OF TOP 5 COMPANIES, 2010–2013 45
FIGURE 11 SYNGAS & ITS DERIVATIVES MARKET 49
FIGURE 12 VALUE CHAIN FOR SYNGAS & DERIVATIVES MARKET 50
FIGURE 13 AIR EMISSIONS: CONVENTIONAL COAL COMBUSTION VS GASIFICATION 53
FIGURE 14 IMPACT ANALYSIS: DRIVERS, 2013-2018 54
FIGURE 15 POLYGENERATION OPPORTUNITIES FROM SYNGAS 57
FIGURE 16 WORLD ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION, 2003-2012 (KWH BILLION) 58
FIGURE 17 WORLD ELECTRICITY GENERATION TREND, BY SOURCE,
2010-2040 (MWH BILLION) 60
FIGURE 18 IMPACT ANALYSIS: RESTRAINTS, 2013-2018 61
FIGURE 19 TYPICAL COST BREAKUP, LNG V/S GTL 62
FIGURE 20 IMPACT ANALYSIS: OPPORTUNITIES, 2013-2018 63
FIGURE 21 STRANDED GAS: RESERVES SHARE, BY REGIONS, 2010 65
FIGURE 22 PORTER’S FIVE FORCES MODEL FOR SYNGAS & DERIVATIVES MARKET 69
FIGURE 23 SYNGAS MARKET SHARE, BY COMPANY, 2012 73
FIGURE 24 METHANOL MARKET SHARE, BY COMPANY, 2012 74
FIGURE 25 AMMONIA MARKET SHARE, BY COMPANY, 2012 75
FIGURE 26 BUTANOL MARKET SHARE, BY COMPANY, 2012 76
FIGURE 27 SYNGAS & DERIVATIVES: MARKET SEGMENTATION, BY END USE 80
FIGURE 28 SYNGAS & DERIVATIVES MARKET: CONSUMPTION SHARE, BY END USE, 2012 83
FIGURE 29 SYNGAS & DERIVATIVES MARKET: CONSUMPTION SHARE, BY END USE, 2018 84
FIGURE 30 CHEMICALS: SYNGAS CONSUMPTION SHARE, BY GEOGRAPHY, 2012 87
FIGURE 31 METHANOL MANUFACTURING PROCESS 90
FIGURE 32 METHANOL: DERIVATIVES & THEIR USES 94
FIGURE 33 AMMONIA MANUFACTURING PROCESS 104
FIGURE 34 HYDROGEN: MAJOR APPLICATIONS 122
FIGURE 35 LIQUID FUEL: SYNGAS CONSUMPTION SHARE, BY GEOGRAPHY, 2012 130
FIGURE 36 POWER PRODUCTION PROCESS 132
FIGURE 37 IGCC PLANT FLOW SCHEME 133
FIGURE 38 POWER GENERATION: SYNGAS CONSUMPTION SHARE, BY GEOGRAPHY, 2012 & 2018 135
FIGURE 39 GASEOUS FUELS: SYNGAS CONSUMPTION SHARE,
BY GEOGRAPHY, 2012 139
FIGURE 40 SYNGAS & DERIVATIVES: MARKET SEGMENTATION, BY FEEDSTOCK 142
FIGURE 41 SYNGAS & DERIVATIVES: MARKET SHARE, BY FEEDSTOCK, 2012 143
FIGURE 42 SYNGAS & DERIVATIVES: MARKET SHARE, BY FEEDSTOCK, 2018 144
FIGURE 43 RENEWABLE ENERY: CONSUMPTION SHARE, BY REGIONS, 2012 152
FIGURE 44 SYNGAS & DERIVATIVES MARKET, BY PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGIES 156
FIGURE 45 SYNGAS & DERIVATIVES: MARKET SHARE, BY TECHNOLOGIES, 2012 161
FIGURE 46 SYNGAS & DERIVATIVES: MARKET SHARE, BY TECHNOLOGIES, 2018 162
FIGURE 47 SYNGAS & DERIVATIVES MARKET, BY GASIFIER TYPES 165
FIGURE 48 FIXED (MOVING) BED GASIFIER CONFIGURATION 166
FIGURE 49 ENTRAINED FLOW GASIFIER CONFIGURATION 169
FIGURE 50 FLUIDIZED BED GASIFIER CONFIGURATION 172
FIGURE 51 SYNGAS & DERIVATIVES: MARKET SHARE, BY GASIFIER TYPES, 2012 178
FIGURE 52 SYNGAS & DERIVATIVES: MARKET SHARE, BY GASIFIER TYPES, 2018 179
FIGURE 53 SYNGAS & DERIVATIVES: MARKET SEGMENTATION, BY GEOGRAPHY 182
FIGURE 54 SYNGAS & DERIVATIVES: PRODUCTION SHARE, BY GEOGRAPHY, 2012 183
FIGURE 55 SYNGAS & DERIVATIVES: PRODUCTION SHARE, BY GEOGRAPHY, 2018 184
FIGURE 56 ASIA-PACIFIC SYNGAS & DERIVATIVES: PRODUCTION SHARE,
BY COUNTRIES, 2012 189
FIGURE 57 MIDDLE EAST & AFRICA SYNGAS & DERIVATIVES: PRODUCTION SHARE, BY COUNTRIES, 2012 197
FIGURE 58 EUROPE SYNGAS & DERIVATIVES: PRODUCTION SHARE,
BY COUNTRIES, 2012 204
FIGURE 59 NORTH AMERICA SYNGAS & DERIVATIVES: PRODUCTION SHARE,
BY COUNTRY, 2012 214
FIGURE 60 COMPETITIVE DEVELOPMENTS, BY COMPANIES, 2010 – 2013 228
FIGURE 61 COMPETITIVE DEVELOPMENTS, BY TYPES, 2010 – 2013 230
FIGURE 62 COMPETITIVE DEVELOPMENTS, BY YEARS AND APPROACHES,
2010 – 2013 231
FIGURE 63 COMPETITIVE DEVELOPMENTS, BY REGION, 2010 – 2013 232
FIGURE 64 COMPETITIVE DEVELOPMENTS, BY END PRODUCTS, 2010 – 2013 233
FIGURE 65 GROWTH STRATEGIES OF TOP 5 COMPANIES, 2010 – 2013 234
FIGURE 66 SUPPLY CONTRACT, 2010 – 2013 235
FIGURE 67 EXPANSION, 2010 – 2013 237
FIGURE 68 PARTNERSHIP/COLLABORATION, 2010 – 2013 239
FIGURE 69 ACQUISTION, 2010 - 2013 241
FIGURE 70 NEW PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT, 2010 – 2011 243
FIGURE 71 OTHER MARKET DEVELOPMENTS, 2010 - 2013 245
FIGURE 72 AIR PRODUCTS AND CHEMICALS: REVENUE SHARE, BY BUSINESS SEGMENT AND GEOGRAPHY, 2012 255
FIGURE 73 AIR PRODUCTS & CHEMICALS INC.: SWOT ANALYSIS 256
FIGURE 74 PHOSPHATE SEGMENT: ANNUAL REVENUE SHARE, BY SEGMENTS, 2012 272
FIGURE 75 FOSTER WHEELER AG: REVENUE SHARE, BY GEOGRAPHY, 2011 - 2012 277
FIGURE 76 HALDOR TOPSOE: REVENUE SHARE, BY GEOGRAPHY, 2012 288
FIGURE 77 KBR INC.: SWOT ANALYSIS 295
FIGURE 78 AIR LIQUIDE: REVENUE SHARE, BY BUSINESS SEGMENTS & SUBSEGMENTS, 2012 304
FIGURE 79 AIR LIQUIDE: REVENUE SHARE, BY REGION, 2012 304
FIGURE 80 AIR LIQUIDE: SWOT ANALYSIS 305
FIGURE 81 MHI: REVENUE SHARE, BY SEGMENT, 2012 319
FIGURE 82 SIEMENS: REVENUE SHARE, ENERGY SEGMENT, BY GEOGRAPHY, 2012 334
FIGURE 83 TECHNIP: REVENUE SHARE, BY GEOGRAPHY & BUSINESS SEGMENT, 2012 340
FIGURE 84 TECHNIP: SWOT ANALYSIS 341
FIGURE 85 THE LINDE GROUP: REVENUE SHARE, BY GEOGRAPHY, 2012 350
FIGURE 86 THE LINDE GROUP: SWOT ANALYSIS 351

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Syngas Market & Derivatives (Methanol, Ammonia, Hydrogen, Oxo Chemicals, N-Butanol, DME) Market, by End Use Application, Feedstock, Technology, and Gasifier Type - Global Trends & Forecast to 2018

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Sarah Smith
Research Advisor at Reportbuyer.com
Email: query@reportbuyer.com
Tel: +44 208 816 85 48
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