Edwin Hubble could not accept the expansion of the universe because it implies the acceleration of trillions of galaxies in all "radial" directions from Earth and a return to the Middle Ages with Earth at the center of the universe.
Palm Harbor, Florida (PRWEB) December 20, 2013
The historical, theoretical and experimental evidence on the lack of expansion of the universe was confirmed at five scientific meetings in Europe and in the Far East (http://www.santilli-foundation.org/Conf-2013-No-Univ-Exp.php).
The famous American astrophysicist Edwin Hubble rejected the conjecture of the expansion of the universe because the cosmological redshift of galactic light that he discovered is proportional to the distance from Earth, thus implying that trillions of galaxies accelerate away from Earth in all radial directions from Earth, and the consequential return to the Middle Ages with Earth at the center of the universe. In support of Hubble's view, the Swiss astrophysicist Fritz Zwicky proposed that galactic light loses energy to intergalactic gases in its long travel to Earth with a consequential redshift without any need for the expansion of the universe. The French Nobel Laureate Louis de Broglie dismissed the conjecture of the expansion of the universe because of the lack of existence of the enormous energy needed to accelerate for ever trillions of galaxies and for other inconsistencies.
The Italian-American scientist R. M. Santilli has conducted decades of research initiated at Harvard University in the late 1970s under DOE (then ERDA) grant ER-78-S-02-4742.A000 by providing mathematical, theoretical and experimental evidence in support of the historical rejection by Hubble, Zwicky, de Broglie and other famous scientists. These historical objections, the inconsistencies of the conjecture on the expansion of the universe and the experimental evidence against the were confirmed at the indicated five recent scientific meetings (for details and links, visit the post http://www.santilli-foundation.org/Confirm-No-Exp.php).
"The representation of Hubble's experimental evidence on the cosmological redshift of galactic light via the far reaching conjecture that trillions of galaxies move away from us at an accelerating pace was propelled to wide acceptance in the 1940s by the physicists of the Manhattan Project for the specific, but untold scope of maintaining the validity of Einstein’s theories in the larger scale structure of the universe,” Santilli stated, “In fact, the expansion of the universe is based on the Doppler shift law which is one of the axioms of Einstein's special relativity. In subsequent decades, the conjecture was maintained and expanded into the current plethora of cosmological conjectures, such as: the expansion of the universe, the acceleration of the expansion, the big bang, the expansion of space itself, the conjecture that the universe is filled up with the mysterious dark energy, the conjecture that galaxies are filled up with the mysterious dark matter, and so on. All conjectures have been studiously conceived not to be verifiable on Earth, so that they can be maintained with organized academic power, each conjecture was proffered in support of a preceding failed conjecture, and all of them have been dismissed by various years of experimental confirmations of Zwicky’s hypothesis, although with a new atomic mechanism of absorption of light. Despite all this evidence, the current cosmological conjectures are maintained by discrediting qualified dissident views without any technical argument. For instance, Zwicky's hypothesis is still dubbed as "fringe" science in Wikipedia and in academia without any disproof of years of experimental evidence. Particularly unreassuring is the dismissal of clear inconsistencies of the expansion of the universe via coordinated academic authority without any counter-argument. As shown in Figure 5, the expansion of the universe implies that two galaxies G1 and G2 that are at double distance from Earth must have a relative acceleration. However, there exist an infinite number of observers in the universe for which the same two galaxies have the same distance, thus having no relative motion, resulting in well known, yet ignored. The predictable outcome of this political handling of basic cosmological knowledge has been a century old obscurantism in cosmology of historical proportions that includes the misuse of billions of dollars of taxpayer money” (see Santilli's French interview http://www.i-b-r.org/Prof-Santilli-Interview.html).
The Institute for Basic Research (IBR) was founded by R. M. Santilli in 1981, and housed at the Prescott House within the Harvard Compound. A Division of the IBR was organized in 1995 at Castle Prince Pignatelli in Molise, Italy, and additional divisions have been organized in Europe, Africa and China. In 1989, the IBR was moved to Florida where it operates as a non-profit corporation coordinating research by scientists in various countries on basic advances in mathematics, physics, chemistry, biology and cosmology with private funds provided by the technologies originated from Santilli's discoveries (http://www.i-b-r.org/).
J. V. Kadeisvili
Professor of Theoretical Physics
The Institute of Basic Research