Polyacrylamide Market (Non-ionic, Cationic, Anionic, and Others) Segment Upto 2019: Transparency Market Research
Albany,New York (PRWEB) September 29, 2014
Polyacrylamide, or PAM as it is commonly referred, is a water-soluble polymer composed of acrylamide molecules. It is a synthetic chemical that is low-cost, environmentally neutral and proven to safely degrade in the form of organic molecules after some weeks of application when used in soil for reducing soil loss. It can be tailored to fit several application areas. The polyacrylamide market demand in 2012 was worth USD 3.95 billion and is expected to reach USD 6.91 billion by 2019, growing at a CAGR of 8.4% from 2013 to 2019. In terms of volume, the demand for polyacrylamide was 1,337.5 kilo tons in 2012 and is expected to cross 2,204.5 kilo tons by 2019, growing at a CAGR of 7.4% from 2013 to 2019.
It is highly water-absorbent and converts to a soft gel when hydrated. The gel form of PAM is used in applications such as electrophoresis and for manufacturing contact lenses. In its powdered form, it is also used as a suspender and thickener. Quite recently, it has also found use as subdermal filler for facial surgeries.
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- Applications of PAM:
Some of the major applications of PAM include the following.
- Wastewater treatment:
The most prominent use of PAM is observed in the process of increasing the viscosity of water or for encouraging the coagulation or flocculation of solid particles in water. This ability of PAM to coagulate solids in water makes it suitable for the wastewater treatment industry. When PAM is applied to wastewater, it causes solids particles suspended in the water to aggregate, forming a mass called floc. In addition to the floc, PAM reacts with solids in the water and forms insoluble hydroxides, which link together upon precipitation and form meshes. The meshes trap smaller solid particles in the water and form larger floc.
Simply stated, PAM makes the solid particles in treated water stick to each other until they form a mass big enough to be captured by filters or settle out and form sewage sludge. Thus, by forming a floc of the solid particles in treated water, PAM substances make its filtration easier. In most wastewater treatment projects, PAM products can be used in the separation of solid-liquid sewage and play an elementary role in processes such as the treatment of primary sewage, activated sludge and digested sludge. PAM is used in wastewater treatment in a variety of industries and industrial processes involving electroplating, paper, petrochemicals, oilfields, slaughterhouses, pharmaceuticals, breweries, wineries, leather and chemicals. PAM can also be used in treating water from processes involved for mineral mining including the production of lead, gold, zinc, coal, iron, silver, nickel, steel, gravel, titanium, etc.
- Enhanced Oil Recovery:
Another common application of PAM is in the subsurface recovery of enhanced oils, where highly viscous aqueous solution of PAM is injected to water to improve the effectiveness of water flooding by increasing the viscosity of water. Flooding PAM injected water in the oil reservoir helps in sweeping the oil locked in the reservoir towards a production pump. This results in improved volumetric efficiency of the process as more oil is produced from a given volume in the reservoir.
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- Soil Stabilization:
PAM can greatly reduce the rate of soil loss and turbidity. By binding soil particles together and making them settle out instead of getting carried away in runoff water, PAM can effectively prevent the loss of soil and also improve the rate of water infiltration in the soil.
- Global Scenario:
The wide range of applications of PAM and related products in a number of industries keep driving the global PAM market. Additionally, their environmentally neutral nature makes them a suitable product for the current state of our globe. If global market analysts are to be believed, the global market of PAM and associated substances was worth USD 3.95 billion in 2012. Transparency Market Research, a US based market intelligence firm estimates that this industry could observe significant growth in the coming five years, at a CAGR of 8.4%, and amass market value worth USD 6.91 billion by 2019. In terms of volume, the demand for various products from this industry could surpass the figure of 2,204.5 kilo tons by 2019.