Moderate price growth is expected to persist as demand for shipping continues to rise with increased industrial production, trade and sales from the retail and wholesale sectors.
Los Angeles, CA (PRWEB) February 16, 2015
National trucking services have a buyer power score of 3.2 out of 5, which indicates moderate negotiation power for buyers. Buyers benefit primarily from low market share concentration. Hundreds of thousands of carriers serve this market due to its low barriers to entry. “Most carriers are owner-operators with miniscule market share, and even the largest carriers [YRC Worldwide, J.B. Hunt, Con-way and FedEx] generate only a minor portion of total sales,” says IBISWorld procurement analyst Scott Winters. “As a result, no single carrier can influence total capacity or price, as can happen in more concentrated freight transport markets such as rail, air and inland water transport.” Instead, carriers compete heavily on the bases of price and customer service.
However, recent regulations from the Department of Transportation (DOT) have impeded the national trucking service market's ability to expand capacity during a period of general economic growth and rising demand. In 2013, new hours of service regulations went into effect that reduced drivers' maximum weekly hours from 82 to 70. As a result, carriers have needed to hire more drivers to move the same amount of freight, and their difficulty finding qualified applicants has contributed to a driver shortage. “Freight rates have been pressured upward due to capacity constraints on growth this shortage has created,” adds Winters. “The fact that carriers' total wage costs have risen alongside the necessary expansion of their workforce has added to recent price gains.” During the three years to 2014, freight rates have grown moderately, and are expected to continue this trend during the next three years, reducing buyer power. However, fuel surcharges, which are universal in this market and nonnegotiable, have been on the decline, reducing buyer risk and enhancing buyer power. Fluctuations in fuel charges have elevated price volatility to a medium level during the past three years.
Buyers can leverage the availability of substitute carriers and shipping modes to improve their rates. However, alternative modes are only cost effective and sufficiently fast for a subset of shipments, and do not provide last-mile service like trucks do. Finally, high-volume and long-term buyers can negotiate customer-specific discounts and freight class exemptions to reduce costs. For more information, visit IBISWorld’s National Trucking Services procurement category market research report page.
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IBISWorld Procurement Report Key Topics
This report is intended to assist buyers of national trucking services. Suppliers are long-distance freight trucking companies including truckload (TL), less-than-truckload (LTL) and containerized freight carriers. Their routes typically run between metropolitan areas and can cross state borders, thus making them too long for same-day return trips. Local freight trucking companies as well as letter and parcel delivery services are excluded from this report. Buyers are also called shippers in this report, and suppliers are also called carriers.
Recent Price Trend
Product Life Cycle
Total Cost of Ownership
Supply Chain & Vendors
Supply Chain Dynamics
Supply Chain Risk
Market Share Concentration
Buying Lead Time
Key RFP Elements
Buyer Power Factors
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