The authors hypothesize that the brightness of the foot webbings are visual indicators of the age and maturity level of the frog, showing that visual as well as aural cues are important to these species.
(PRWEB) April 02, 2015
Herpetologica – Color and pattern change upon maturation is not uncommon among numerous animals. These changes tend to signify sexual development within the species and also increased male–male competition in searching for mates. Among frogs, color and pattern changes are quite common. Although vocal signals are normally used as a mode of communication, some frog and toad species use visual cues as well.
The article “Ontogenetic Change of Signal Brightness in the Foot-flagging Frog Species Staurois parvus and Staurois guttatus,” in the new issue of Herpetologica, examines Bornean foot-flagging frogs and analyzes differences in body color and changes in foot webbings. Working at the Vienna Zoo, the authors studied variations in the colors of the foot webbings and bodies of different age classes of Staurois parvus and S. guttatus. They also compared their findings to color data from wild populations, and discuss the color variation in relation to diet, signaling behavior, and habitat.
The authors determined that the foot webbing coloration of both the S. parvus and S. guttatus changed with age. Out of the three parameters tested (brightness, hue, and UV Blue chroma), brightness was the one that most affected the color change. There was a difference between the brightness of the foot when compared with size and mass, as the feet of larger frogs were far brighter even though differences in body coloration were absent. The authors hypothesize that the brightness of the foot webbings are visual indicators of the age and maturity level of the frog, showing that visual as well as aural cues are important to these species.
Because this study was completed at a zoological park, it does not fully encompass the biology of S. parvus and S. guttatus in the wild. The authors suggest that future research delve further into whether foot webbings brighten even more with age or if mating has an effect on brightness. This type of research is important as continuing to learn specifics on behavior, habitat, and reproduction will help in the future conservation of these frogs.
Full text of the article, “Ontogenetic Change of Signal Brightness in the Foot-flagging Frog Species Staurois parvus and Staurois guttatus,” Herpetologica, Vol. 71, No. 1, 2014, is now available.
Herpetologica is a quarterly journal of The Herpetologists' League, containing original research articles on the biology of amphibians and reptiles. The journal serves herpetologists, biologists, ecologists, conservationists, researchers, and others interested in furthering knowledge of the biology of amphibians and reptiles. To learn more about the society, please visit: http://www.herpetologistsleague.org.