Similar rankings are too narrowly focused on the largest power caches and total energy production, a statistic that favors larger states. The do not did not take into consideration the finer details of state alternative energy promotion.
Seattle, Washington (PRWEB) June 22, 2016
Rankings.com’s Annual Ranking of the Top States Promoting Alternative Energy has named Oregon as the top alternative energy state. Oregon clinched the top spot with the largest production of alternative energy per capita of any state, high vehicle efficiency for its state fleet, and nearly 100% of its power produced from alternative energy sources.
Alternative energy, or renewable sources of energy not derived from fossil fuels, has become an increasingly important part of the American energy landscape in recent decades. Concerns over climate change, the expiration of fossil fuels, and energy independence have driven slow but important changes. Electric and hybrid cars are closing gaps in affordability with their traditional counterparts, programs have sprung up to make it possible for private citizens to power their homes with solar panels, and receive tax incentives for doing so. This trend has manifested in national policy following the UN summit and historic global agreement on climate change in Paris last December, when President Obama returned to the United States with a proposal for the future of the American energy industry.
International policy is driven by concerns over climate change, but alternative energy is also an important step toward American energy independence. Depleting fossil fuel reserves caused speculation on so-called ‘peak oil’ as recently as the last decade. More efficient modern extraction techniques such as fracking have caused a glut of oil and gas, these have met political and social opposition. Wild fluctuations in the price of oil in the last two years have demonstrated the volatility of the global market and reinforced the importance of American energy independence.
Alternative energies are a key step toward all of these goals. In addition to federal standards and the President’s recent proposal, many states are taking action to improve the status of alternative energy in their borders, but many still lag behind.
State of Alternative Energy
The Rankings.com Annual Ranking of Top States Promoting Alternative Energy grades each state’s investment in alternative energy according to five core metrics weighted by their importance to the promotion of alternative energy sources in the United States. Each metric analyzes statistics, laws, or official policies from state and federal sources, including the Energy.gov and the U.S. Energy Information Administration.
Key findings include:
Production: The United States produces nearly 73 million British thermal units worth of energy each year. Just over 10% of that energy comes from renewable sources, including hydroelectric power, geothermal power, biofuels, wind power, and solar power. But some states do much more for the national production of alternative energy than others. The top-ranked states in production represent the states that produce the largest quantities of alternative energy per capita. Many forms of alternative energy are more or less appropriate in different regions, and consequently no state had a top ranking for each type of energy production. However, the top four states - Oregon, North Dakota, South Dakota, and Maine - all had top-10 showings in at least three of the five alternative energy types.
Top States for Production:
2. North Dakota
3. South Dakota
Efficiency: Gross production of alternative energy in a state does not represent the entire picture. Some states, such as North Dakota, produce a lot of alternative energy but also a lot of conventional energy from fossil fuels, weakening their overall contribution to the renewable energy production in the united states. Every state in the top five of our ranking had 100% alternative energy production.
Top States for Efficiency:
5. Rhode Island
State-Wide Goals: Following the Paris Climate Summit in 2015, President Obama announced a new energy plan which emphasized the need to expand alternative energy sources in the United States. Many states had already adopted specific goals for future alternative energy production beyond these federal targets. These goals shape state policy and ultimately the future of the alternative energy in the United States.
Top States for State-Wide Goals:
2. New York
Incentives and Standards: Goals are useless without taking action, and for states that action comes in the forms of legal standards for energy efficiency and incentives to use alternative energy. The Rankings.com team identified 12 common standards and incentives, such as disclosure laws, equipment standards, and tax deductions, and ranked states according to the number of these policies on the statute. The top three states had only nine such policies, demonstrating room for improvement even at the top. The bottom four states had no alternative energy standards or incentives.
Top States for Incentives and Standards:
3. New York
Vehicle Efficiency: About 20% of energy consumption in the United States is due to automobiles like cars and trucks. Many state governments are facilitating the use of alternative energy vehicles through infrastructure projects. In California and Oregon, for example, nearly 40% of service stations offer alternative fuels, making it far easier to own an alternative energy vehicle in those states than in Alaska or Louisiana, where only 5-6% of service stations offer alternative energy. Further, many states lead by example and use alternative energy vehicles in their state fleets. Both infrastructure and state fleets are factored into a state’s rankings for vehicle efficiency.
Top States for Vehicle Efficiency:
3. New York
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Full study and methodology can be found here: http://www.rankings.com/rankings/top-states-promoting-alternative-energy/