(PRWEB) December 03, 2016
Dr. Gholam Mujtaba, a renowned scholar and political figure, has published a doctoral dissertation on Pakistani leadership through Argosy University Phoenix. He has been conferred a doctorate degree by the Graduate School of Business and Management of the Argosy University at a ceremony in Atlanta.
This dissertation explores military and civilian leadership in Pakistan and the perceptions of such leadership among Americans of Pakistani origin, or pro-United States Pakistanis living in Pakistan. The dissertation has provided an in-depth study of Pakistani leadership, public perception of that leadership, and the causes for their failures.
The report notes that 24% of Pakistanis are disenfranchised with their leadership. They do not support the military and civilian leadership that has governed their country. A further 35%, mostly youth, are following a former sports figure of Pakistan’s Justice Movement (PTI) to salvage the country from traditional leadership. However, the study also notes that 59% of the respondents, including that 35%, are swing votes, which can be capitalized upon by dynamic, charismatic leadership that claim to provide hope for a bright future for Pakistan.
Corruption is presumed to be the main factor in an overwhelming majority choosing to reject traditional Pakistani leadership. Pakistan’s debt has surged from $38 billion under General Musharraf to over $100 billion in 2016 in the wake of the civilian governments of former President Zardari and current Prime Minister Mr. Nawaz Sharif.
Foreign policy failures have also resulted from widening gaps in Pakistan’s relationship with the United States, and the nation’s attempts to get closer to China. This has mostly served Chinese interests, rather than Pakistani interests, and Chinese influence on Pakistani priorities and development of foreign policy has narrowed Pakistan’s role in the Middle East.
The study indicates that Pakistan is a highly diverse country religiously, contrary to public perceptions in the west. Jews, Christians, Hindus, and all other faiths are represented in the study. That being said, Sunnis far outnumbered all other faiths, constituting 84% of the population, while Shia Muslims were less than 8%. Though the country does highlight strong religious pluralism, it still possesses a strong sense of national culture and identity.
The study further reflects political and ethnic diversity in Pakistan. The findings in the study show an overwhelming support for civilian leadership, aside from the majority that appeared disenfranchised with any class of leadership.
The study’s findings support the idea that enhancing Pakistan’s literacy rate will greatly influence the public perceptions of the government and the country’s foreign and defense policies. The implications for leadership theory and practice indicate that all forms of organization may indeed abide by a similar dynamic, namely the following: participative leadership becomes more important as subordinates’ educational level rises.
The study explains that civilian governance is most robust when literacy is high. Currently, Pakistan lacks that literacy. The study argues that until literacy rises, the potential for abuses of power on the part of civilian administrations remains, which renders any advantage from instating them to be ephemeral at best, or illusionary at worst.
About Dr. Gholam Mujtaba
Dr. Gholam Mujtaba has had a long career in politics across America and Pakistan. Currently, Mujtaba is a Central Leader to the Republican Party of the United States of America and Chairman of Pakistani Policy Institute, USA. He is an expert on conflict management and Pakistani leadership. He was conferred the Doctorate in Organizational Leadership by the Argosy University, and was the recipient of the United States Congressional Recognition Award in 2015. Dr. Mujtaba has held such highly regarded positions as the Central Vice President of the All Pakistan Muslim League, and Advisor to Chief Minister Sindh, a cabinet position in Pakistan.