Carnegie Council Presents the Winter Issue of its Journal, "Ethics & International Affairs": Human Rights, Statelessness, International Criminal Courts, and Much More

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The winter issue of "Ethics & International Affairs" features the first essay of a two-part series on ending global statelessness; a feature article on the expressivist potential of international courts; a book symposium on Allen Buchanan’s "The Heart of Human Rights"; a review essay on effective altruism; and a host of book reviews.

"Ethics & International Affairs" Winter 2016 Issue (Vol. 30.4)

"Ethics & International Affairs" Winter 2016 Issue (Vol. 30.4)

"Ethics & International Affairs" quarterly journal publishes essays that evaluate global institutions and policies according to principles of justice.

Carnegie Council for Ethics in International Affairs announces the publication of the fourth and final issue in the 30th anniversary volume of "Ethics & International Affairs."

To access the issue online, go to:

As noted below, some articles have excerpts available online without a subscription, while others are available in full.



Ending Statelessness Through Belonging: A Transformative Agenda? [Excerpt]
Kristy A. Belton
The subject of belonging conjures up a realm of emotions. This essay explores statelessness through the prism of belonging, asking whether the United Nations Refugee Agency's reframing of statelessness as an issue of belonging can be successful in eradicating statelessness globally.


Trials as Messages of Justice: What Should Be Expected of International Criminal Courts? [Excerpt]
Tim Meijers and Marlies Glasius
After more than a decade of work, the accomplishments of the International Criminal Court are highly contested. In this article, the authors ask, what can and should we expect from international criminal courts? How can international trial and punishment constitute a suitable response to episodes of mass violence?


Introduction [Excerpt]
The Editors
The last few decades have seen a lively philosophical debate surrounding human rights. Allen Buchanan's book The Heart of Human Rights constitutes an important and novel contribution to this debate, focusing on the moral dimensions of international legal human rights (ILHRs) and the institutions responsible for their existence and implementation.

On Constitutional Democracy and Robust International Law [Excerpt]
Pietro Maffettone
This essay focuses on the tension between robust international law (RIL) and democratic constitutions. Maffettone argues that Buchanan is broadly correct about the nature of the relationship between RIL and constitutional democracy, but that the tension between them runs deeper than his discussion allows us to see.

Human Rights and Status Egalitarianism [Excerpt]
David Miller
In this essay, Miller throws doubt on Buchanan's claim that to understand the system of international legal human rights we must acknowledge not only their "well-being function" but also a second function that he calls their "status egalitarian function."

Are Moral Rights Necessary for the Justification of International Legal Human Rights? [Excerpt]
Andrea Sangiovanni
Sangiovanni argues that the existence of an underlying moral right is a necessary part of any successful justification of an ILHR. This underlying moral right need not have precisely the same content as the ILHR it aids in justifying, but it must serve as an essential part of the rationale for the implementation of the ILHR.

Justifying International Legal Human Rights [Excerpt]
Jesse Tomalty
According to Tomalty, Buchanan's alternative account of the justification of ILHRs is problematic; rejecting the "Mirroring View" does not entail the irrelevance of moral human rights to the justification of the content of ILHRs.

The Fragility of International Human Rights Law [Excerpt]
Lorenzo Zucca
In this essay, Zucca argues that some philosophers' optimism about international human rights legal practice is misguided. He argues that human rights law is not robust and its practice lacks shape and strength. Further, the gap between ideals and practice is only likely to increase rather than the other way around.

Human Rights: A Plea for Taking the Law and Institutions Seriously [Excerpt]
Allen Buchanan
Buchanan responds to some of the points made by each of the contributors to the symposium, making his case for taking international laws and institutions seriously and urging scholars to continue this discussion.


The Lessons of Effective Altruism [Full text]
Jennifer C. Rubenstein
In this essay, Rubenstein examines two recent books by Peter Singer and William MacAskill on the philosophy and philanthropic movement known as Effective Altruism (EA). She addresses both the promise and limitations of EA—whose proponents seek to do the "most good"—arguing that a "hidden curriculum" underlies its teachings.


On War and Democracy [Full text]
Christopher Kutz
Review by John Keane

Taking Sides in Peacekeeping: Impartiality and the Future of the United Nations [Full text]
Emily Paddon Rhoads
Review by Ruben Reike

The Planet Remade: How Geoengineering Could Change the World [Full text]
Oliver Morton
Review by Gernot Wagner

Migration in Political Theory: The Ethics of Movement and Membership [Full text]
Sarah Fine and Lea Ypi
Review by Shelley Wilcox

The Hillary Doctrine: Sex & American Foreign Policy [Full text]
Valerie M. Hudson and Patricia Leidl
Review by Kristen P. Williams

Founded by Andrew Carnegie in 1914, Carnegie Council for Ethics in International Affairs is an educational, nonprofit, nonpartisan organization that produces lectures, publications, and multimedia materials on the ethical challenges of living in a globalized world. Go to

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Madeleine Lynn