How Terrorism Came to Latin America

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National Center for Policy Analysis Senior Fellow Dr. David Grantham explains how Cold War policies introduced Middle East terrorism to one of the most unlikely regions of the world in his most recent article.


The deadly attacks against Jewish institutions in Argentina during the 1990s did not happen in a vacuum. Perón’s response to communism in the mid-1940’s, coupled with an immigrant-rich population, together played a role in importing Middle East conflict.

For Latin America, The Legacy of Communism Is in Its Response
By Dr. David Grantham
"What does Middle East terrorism have to do with the legacy of Communism? The curious connection between Middle East terrorism and Latin America can partly be explained as a consequence of Cold War policies. The legacy of Communism in Argentina, and for many countries in Latin America, proved different from the stories of government tyranny and economic oppression in Eastern Europe. The legacy of Communism in Argentina can be found in its response," argues Dr. Grantham in this article.

Contributing factors include:

  • Mass immigration from the Middle East changed Argentine demographics.
  • Third position doctrine attempted to align the Global South.
  • Unprecedented diplomatic outreach to the Arab world created unlikely alliances.

"The attempt to counteract Communism through the Third Position proved important because it permanently linked Argentina to the Arab World just as the Arab-Israeli conflict took on international significance."

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