Author Shows Struggles of Civil Rights Movement in Book

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‘Chance or Circumstance?’ by James R. Mapp is released posthumously

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Author James R. Mapp tells the story of “Chance or Circumstance?: A Memoir and Journey through the Struggle for Civil Rights” (published by iUniverse) from an insider’s perspective, giving an account of people, places and events in Chattanooga, Tennessee, during the 1960s civil rights era. He reveals significant historical events that influenced the fight for equality in civil rights, education and employment.

Mapp’s purpose for the book was to provide a written record so important people, places and events would not be forgotten. He wanted to instill racial pride by revealing the hard work involved in the struggle for civil rights. Mapp felt an obligation to share the struggle so young and old alike would appreciate the history of the 1960s civil rights struggle and understand the significance.

Mapp passed away in 2015, before seeing publication of this book, which was his life’s work. He shares what motivated him and others to sacrifice income, endure hardship and even risk their lives to overcome the oppression of African Americans since the days of slavery.

“Chance or Circumstance?”
By James R. Mapp
Hardcover | 6 x 9in | 236 pages | ISBN 9781491780312
Softcover | 6 x 9in | 236 pages | ISBN 9781491780336
E-Book | 236 pages | ISBN 9781491780329
Available at Amazon and Barnes & Noble

About the Author
James R. Mapp was a civil rights advocate, businessman and community leader who attended Tennessee A&I State University. He was a member of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People from 1942 until his death in 2015. He was married to Bettye, and together they have nine children.

iUniverse, an Author Solutions, LLC, self-publishing imprint, is the leading book marketing, editorial services, and supported self-publishing provider. iUniverse has a strategic alliance with Indigo Books & Music, Inc. in Canada, and titles accepted into the iUniverse Rising Star program are featured in a special collection on iUniverse recognizes excellence in book publishing through the Star, Reader’s Choice, Rising Star and Editor’s Choice designations—self-publishing’s only such awards program. Headquartered in Bloomington, Indiana, iUniverse also operates offices in Indianapolis. For more information or to publish a book, please visit or call 1-800-AUTHORS. For the latest, follow @iuniversebooks on Twitter.

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