Los Angeles, CA (PRWEB) May 07, 2014
The Los Angeles periodontist at PeriodonticsLosAngeles.com now offers patients information about available periodontal treatments. According to the CDC, gum disease affects more than half of all American adults over 35 and is responsible for most adult tooth loss. Gum disease can have more widespread effects and may increase the risk of cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes and pregnancy complications.
The Los Angeles periodontal surgery expert at PeriodonticsLosAngeles.com often recommends a deep cleaning procedure known as scaling and root planing to first remove the buildup. This procedure cleans plaque, tartar, debris and bacteria from above and below the gumline. The roots of the teeth are smoothed so that the gums can re-attach to them and heal. A scaling and root planing procedure can be sufficient for gingivitis, but other gum disease treatments may be needed for more advanced cases. Topical antimicrobials may be prescribed to control the infection. Some patients may need additional procedures or surgery to restore lost tissue and reduce the risk of further damage or tooth loss.
Periodontal, or gum disease is an inflammatory response to oral bacteria. Bacteria live naturally in the oral cavity and shelter in plaque. Good brushing and flossing habits can usually keep the bacteria under control, but if plaque or tartar buildup or other risk factors, including a genetic history or smoking, are present, the gums can become inflamed and infected.
In the earliest stages of periodontal disease, gums may appear to be red, and they may bleed easily when brushed or flossed. As the condition deteriorates, the gums begin to pull away from the teeth, and teeth may appear longer. The person may have chronic bad breath or a bad taste in the mouth. Once the condition has reached the underlying structures, teeth may become loose, and the jawbone can begin to dissolve. Treatment in the earliest stages of periodontal disease can reverse the condition. Advanced periodontitis cannot be reversed, but it can be managed and the damage can be controlled.
Good dental habits are essential to preventing gum disease and reducing the risk of recurrence after treatment. The Los Angeles periodontist provides patients with in-depth information about how they can keep their smiles healthy and improve their gums.