Kawasaki City, Japan (PRWEB UK) 12 September 2017 -- Source: Kawasaki INnovation Gateway at SKYFRONT (KING SKYFRONT), Coastal Area International Strategy Office, Kawasaki City, Japan.
For immediate release: 12 September 2016
Further information about science and technology projects at Kawasaki City is available in the Kawasaki SkyFront iNewsletter that highlights research being conducted by scientists and industries affiliated with Kawasaki INnovation Gateway at SKYFRONT (KING SKYFRONT)—the City’s flagship science and technology hub launched in 2013 to focus on open innovation in the life sciences and environment.
September 2017 issue of Kawasaki SkyFront iNewsletter
Surface modification of nanomedicines enhances their therapeutic effect on brain tumors
For a cancer drug to be successful, it needs to reach the malignant tumor site. Researchers in Japan have now found a way for increasing the effectiveness of drug delivery to certain types of brain tumors, by packing epirubicin, a known antitumor agent, in specially designed polymeric micelles. In a mouse model, use of the micelles led to a 12-fold increase in antitumor activity, making it a highly promising, translationable approach for decreasing the drug resistance of brain tumors.
Kazunori Kataoka and colleagues at the Kawasaki Institute of Industrial Promotion, The University of Tokyo and Tokyo Institute of Technology applied their method to gliobastoma multiforme (GBM), an aggressive brain cancer for which less than 5% of patients survive more than 3 years. Its resistance to drugs is mainly due to the blood–brain barrier, a layer of tightly packed cells, the function of which is to separate the brain from the circulatory system. In order for a drug to reach the brain tumor site in therapeutic concentration, it needs to penetrate this barrier.
Epirubicin is a potent antigliobastoma drug, more effective than temozolomide, the current clinical medicine, but it penetrates poorly through the blood–brain barrier. In order to improve the delivery of epirubicin, the researchers studied the effect of decorating epirubicin-containing micelles with cyclic Arg-Gly-Asp (cRGD) peptides. The latter are biomolecules implicated in cell-attachment mechanisms involving integrins — receptors embedded in cell membranes. The cRGD molecules target so-called ανβ3 and ανβ5 integrins that are generated in GBM cells and its vascular system; molecular recognition between cRGD and the integrins leads to better penetration.
An in vitro penetration study on multi-cellular glioma spheroid revealed cRGD-decorated-epirubicin-loaded micelles penetrate deep into the spheroids in higher quantity compare to micelles without cRGD. Bioluminescence imaging of mice injected with the cRGD-decorated micelles also showed that in vivo, the therapy led to the effective suppression of the growth of orthotopic GBM. Given that clinical trials are already underway for untreated epirubicin micelles, the researchers concluded that “the straightforward modification of their surface with cRGD peptide could potentially extend their clinical application as an effective brain tumor therapy.”
Publication and Affiliation
S. Quader,1 X. Liu,1 Y. Chen,2 P. Mi,1 T. Chida,2 T. Ishii,2 Y. Miura,3 N. Nishiyama,4 H. Cabral,2 K. Kataoka*1,5 cRGD peptide-installed epirubicin-loaded polymeric micelles for effective targeted therapy against brain tumors Journal of Controlled Release, doi: 10.1016/j.jconrel.2017.04.033 (2017)
1.Innovation Center of Nanomedicine, Kawasaki Institute of Industrial Promotion, 3-25-14 Tonomachi, Kawasaki-ku, Kawasaki 212-0821, Japan
2.Department of Bioengineering, Graduate School of Engineering, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8656, Japan
3.Center for Disease Biology and Integrative Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan
4.Laboratory for Chemistry and Life Science, Institute of Innovative Research, Tokyo Institute of Technology, R1-11, 4259 Nagatsuta, Midori-ku, Yokohama 226-8503, Japan
5.Policy Alternatives Research Institute, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-1709, Japan
About KING SKYFRONT
KING SKYFRONT is located on the opposite side of the Tama River that separates Tokyo International Airport (also known as Haneda Airport) and the Tonomachi district of Kawasaki. The Airport plays an important role in the globalization of the innovative activities of scholars, industrialists and City administrators based at KING SKYFRONT.
KING SKYFRONT was launched in 2013 as a base for scholars, industrialists and government administrators to work together to devise real life solutions to global issues in the life sciences and environment.
Coastal Area International Strategy Office, Kawasaki City, Japan, +81 9065213797, [email protected]